SO315 Minority Group Relations

for S1T 2005

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Course Syllabus
Pamela Callan
Office: San Angelo, Texas
Office Hours: TBA
Phone: 325-947-0021
Fax: 325-202-2929

Park Vision/Mission Statement Park University Vision
Park University will be a renowned international leader in providing innovative educational opportunities for learners within the global society.
Park University Mission
The mission of Park University, an entrepreneurial institution of learning, is to provide access to academic excellence which will prepare learners to think critically, communicate effectively and engage in lifelong learning while serving a global community.

Instructor Information Instructor:
Term: Pam Callan
Spring I 2005

Developer Information Kim D. Cummins

Course Description Welcome to SO 315 (Section DLA), Minority Group Relations on-line! This course uses the sociological perspective to survey the history and current status of groups within American society that have been subjected to discrimination based on race, ethnicity, sex, and religion.

Overview and Course Goals In looking at minority groups in the U.S., we will examine the patterns and processes that shape intergroup relations within society, with emphasis on those patterns and processes leading to prejudice and discrimination. The influence of both culture and social structure on the nature and direction of intergroup relations will be examined. The major theoretical perspectives in sociology will be utilized throughout the course, as well as more specific theories derived from them. The primary focus is on minority groups in this country. However, because the same patterns and processes leading to prejudice and discrimination occur worldwide, we will also examine intergroup relations in countries outside the United States where possible.

Core Learning Outcomes After you have completed this course, you should be able to:
• Identify and explain the basic terms and concepts of the sociology of minorities;
• Demonstrate an understanding of the three main theoretical perspectives in sociology: functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interaction and be able to apply them to analyze intergroup relations;
• Explain how culture can influence intergroup relations;
• Explain how the social structure of a society impacts intergroup relations;
• Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of prejudice and discrimination at both the individual and societal levels;
• View the experience of minority groups from a socio-historical perspective, demonstrating an understanding of how historical events have shaped majority-minority relations in the U.S.
• Trace the history and impact of immigration on this country up to the present and support your position on what our current immigration policy should be.
• Trace the history and impact of Affirmative Action in this country up to the present and support your position on whether or not Affirmative Action is necessary in today's current cultural and structural climate.
• Assess the current status of various minority groups in this country and discuss the future for these groups and our society in light of changing demographics.
• Demonstrate an understanding of what you have learned in this course by applying sociological theories and concepts to a majority-minority relationship in another country.

Required Texts/Materials Strangers to These Shores, Vincent N. Parrillo, Seventh Edition, 2003. This text has a Companion Web Site with an online study guide. You should complete the online study guide for each chapter as appropriate. This will enable you to better prepare for your open book midterm and proctored final.

Course Policies This course is offered on-line, over the Internet and the World Wide Web, which allows you to participate at any time, from any location. Because of this flexibility, it is important to plan your time carefully. Students are expected to sign in to the class conference forum and participate in class discussions and online activities each week.
You should expect to spend a minimum of five hours per class week on-line, the same amount of time you'd spend in a physical classroom. You'll be sending and receiving E-mail, performing on-line readings and research, participating in Web explorations and virtual "tours," and interacting socially and professionally with classmates. You should also expect to spend another 5 to 7 hours reading your text and preparing your homework assignments, for a total of 10-12 hours each week. Submission of Assignments:
A class week is defined as the period of time between Monday and Sunday. The first week begins the first day of the semester and ends at midnight the following Sunday. The eCollege classroom is set to MST. Assignments scheduled for completion during a class week should be completed by Sunday Midnight MST of the week assigned. They should be posted in the classroom or placed in the appropriate dropbox basket, whichever applies. Your Discussion Response must be posted by Thursday midnight MST in any given week in order to give classmates an opportunity to conduct a Peer Review.
Assignments should not be emailed to the instructor. The eCollege platform eliminates the necessity of sending papers, exams, and other assignments via email. You simply place your assignment in the appropriate area of the classroom or in the designated dropbox basket for that assignment. The time you submit your assignment is noted in the classroom. It is graded there, and the grade is posted to the gradebook. You will be able to track your progress throughout the course by going to the gradebook. If you attempt to submit weekly assignments after the midnight deadline, they will be rejected. You must submit assignments and postings by the midnight deadline, or you will not be able to submit them at all. Weekly discussion threads are timed to end at midnight MST each week. Please note that this means if you are in a different time zone you must figure out by what time you need to post in your own time zone in order to make the midnight MST deadline. The only exception to this rule is the submission of the formal paper that will be due at the end of week six; it will need to be emailed to me at or Once graded, I will email you feedback and the grade you have earned, and will also post your grade in the gradebook. Every email addressed to your instructor should include SO315, your last name, and your student ID# in the subject line.
The word processing program I use is MS Word 2000. Students are asked to complete their assignments in MS Word or a compatible program (MS Works 2000 is also fine). Even though the eCollege classroom can accept Word Perfect or other types of files, I cannot accept them because I don't have a way to read them. You should also keep this in mind in terms of being able to share documents with other students in the classroom. If you do not have MS Word and your documents are not compatible, you will be required to save and submit your documents as RTF or "Text Only" files. These still need to be submitted as attachments that can be placed in the dropbox basket or uploaded to the document sharing area of the classroom. Students should keep electronic file copies of all assignments submitted until after the end of the term and grades have been received.
Computer Literacy
Students are expected to have frequent access to a PC with a modem and web browser and reliable internet access. Computer literacy (ability to set up files, familiarity with search engines and browsing the Internet, and experience with downloading files) is expected. If you do not have a good anti virus software program such as McAfee or Norton, please get one and make sure that you update and run it daily as soon as you turn on your computer. Failure to heed this warning not only puts your own computer at risk, but everyone else's as well.
All students are given a Pirate Mail email account when they register for online courses. Your Pirate Mail address is the one your instructor is given and is the email address the instructor uses to contact you. You should make a habit of checking your Pirate Mail account frequently for messages from your instructor. You must have and utilize a Pirate Mail address for this course. You may have your email forwarded from Pirate Mail to another email account if you choose, but all official Park University correspondence will come to you via your Pirate Mail account.
All students will participate in conference discussions. Conventions of "on-line etiquette," which include courtesy to all users, will be observed. Since this is a course that deals with "hot button" issues and there are often conflicting perspectives and opinions, it is important to attempt as much objectivity as possible. To that end, you may find some helpful suggestions in "How to Talk About Race Issues," located at Relations.
Students are responsible for clicking on the link below and thoroughly reading each Online course policy. If you have questions about any of these policies, please contact your instructor for clarification.
Online Course Policies

Grading Policy You will be able to track your grade throughout the course. You will also know in advance the standards for each assignment. My goal is to provide you with prompt, clear, and useful feedback in order to help you internalize the material.
Grading Criteria for Course Requirements:
Requirement Due Date Percentage of Grade
Online Discussion & Activities Weekly--Sunday Midnight MST 25% (100 points)
Midterm Exam January 31 - February 6 20% (80 points)
Sociological Analysis Paper Week 6 February 20 25% (100 points)
Comprehensive Final Exam Week 8 February 28 - March 6 30% (120 points)
Reading Assignments
Students will be expected to read the assigned chapters in the textbook, any lectures and articles displayed for each week, and other assigned material on the Internet. The Online Conference Discussions and Activities, Writing Assignments, and Final Exam assume you have read the assigned readings. NOTE: There is a great deal of reading material in this course, especially within the first three weeks. I use supplementary online material in addition to the text, and the text chapters tend to be very long. If you will consider your text as a reference and one of many sources of information for the course, you will find yourself less stressed by the amount of reading.
Class Participation & Activities
Your class participation in Weekly Discussion/Peer Review and completion of Online Activities makes up 25% of your grade. Class participation includes posting a Discussion Response in one of the weekly discussion threads (A or B), conducting a Peer Review of a classmate's post in the other discussion thread, and completing an assigned Online Activity (A or B) for that week in weeks when an Online Activity is scheduled. This works out to three required class participation assignments per week. There are no regular Online Activities in weeks 2 and 6. In Week 2 you will participate in a Group Project instead of doing an Online Activity. You can earn a total of 4 points for each activity (except for unit two where your group activity is worth a total of 12 points) and a total of 8 points for each discussion assignment (4 points for your initial response, and 4 points for your peer review). The Online Activity for Week 6 is optional. You can earn extra credit for completing that activity. All Activities, Discussion Responses and Peer Reviews must be a minimum of 200 words in length, and all class participation assignments (activities and discussions) must contain proper reference citations for the information presented. Note: Weekly Discussion Responses must be completed by Thursday Midnight MST in order to give your classmates the opportunity to conduct a Peer Review on your posting. If you do not have your required Discussion Response completed by that time, you will lose 1 point off your total score for that assignment for each day it is not posted. No Discussion Responses, Peer Reviews, or Online Activities will be accepted for credit after Sunday midnight MST of the week in which the assignment was due. There are no exceptions, regardless of the reason you could not complete the assignment. You cannot make up class participation assignments. They must be completed and submitted within the week they are due.
Your Discussion/Peer Review responses will be graded according to the Weekly Discussion Rubric. Your Online Activities will be graded according to the Weekly Activities Rubric. For further information and clarification you should review the Class Participation Guidelines located in Course Home under the content item labeled “Guidelines.”
Sociological Analysis Paper (Due February 20, 2005)
For this course, you are required to write a formal paper that will be due at the end of Week 6 and will need to be emailed to me at one of the following addresses: or This is the only assignment during the term that you will not submit in the dropbox. The rest of the assignments (activities) will be submitted in the corresponding dropbox. Detailed instructions for the paper appear below and are also posted in the classroom for your convenience. If you have any questions or need clarification regarding the requirements for the assignment, please ask prior to turning in your paper. Do not begin asking questions after you have received your grade.
This paper is due Sunday midnight MST February 20. No paper will be accepted after this date.
Topic of Paper:
You will be writing a sociological analysis of a dominant-subordinate relationship in a country other than the U.S. You are to focus on ONE subordinate group in a country other than the U.S. and its relationship to the dominant group in that society. In order to write an effective paper, you will have to correctly identify the subordinate and dominant group based on a sociological definition (relative power). Once you do that, you will need to research the history of the relationship between the two groups in question, going back to their point of initial contact and then reviewing their subsequent history to the present.
Choosing a Topic:
I've listed some suggested topics here, but you are certainly not limited to these:
• Palestinians in Israel
• Kurds in Iraq or Turkey
• Basque in Spain
• Chinese in Indonesia
• Turks in Germany or Greece
• West Indians in Britain
• Irish Catholics in Northern Ireland
• Algerians in France
• French Canadians in Quebec
• Asian Indians or blacks in South Africa
• Aborigines in Australia
• Women in Saudi Arabia
This link is a good place to begin your search for a group: Yahoo Directory: Cultures. You may want to research what information is available on a topic before you make a final decision. Some topics are more difficult than others. You are required to notify me of your topic by January 23. If you do not notify me of your topic by this date, 5 points will be deducted from your final score on the paper.
Required Content of Paper:
This is a sociological analysis. You will utilize each of the major theoretical perspectives (functional theory, conflict theory, and interactionist theory) summarized on page 15 of your text and reviewed in the mini lecture given in week one. Please make certain you review the mini lecture as well as the information provided in your text on these theories before you begin to write the paper. You must understand each of the major theoretical perspectives and be able to apply those perspectives to your group's experience in that society.
Your paper must include the following content:
• Introduction and Overview of the History of the Relationship
This section should provide information that explains how these two groups came into contact with one another, the type of relationship that they had in the beginning, and how that might have changed over time to the present (20% or 20 points). This should include information on how and why the initial contact between the two groups occurred, how the type of initial contact might have influenced the subsequent relationship between the two groups, and what role both culture and social structure played in how the groups reacted to each other. You should make certain that you trace this history from the initial contact to the present. You should be able to summarize the important aspects of this history as it relates to the above criteria.
• An Application of the Three Major Theoretical Perspectives
This section should be an application of the three major theoretical perspectives to the ethnic situation. In doing your analysis, you should refer to the tenets of each theory and indicate by illustration how the relationship between the minority and majority group would be viewed from each of the perspectives. For example, if you are looking at the relationship from the functionalist perspective, you would want to note the functions, both manifest and latent, as well as any dysfunctional consequences. This is the main portion of your paper. If you leave this section out or fail to address it in depth, you will most likely fail the assignment. There is no way to cut out this part of your paper and still earn a passing score (45% or 45 points). This analysis must be written in your own words and should contain very little directly quoted material except for illustration. Make certain that you clearly identify each of the following in your paper by creating separate sections to cover each perspective and labeling them:
o Functional Theory: The questions those writing from a functionalist perspective might try to answer in their analysis are: What are the consequences of the majority-minority relationship, both intended (manifest) and unintended (latent)? Are these consequences functional (contributing to the stability and on-going equilibrium of the social system, such as might be the case with middleman minorities) or are they dysfunctional (creating disorganization and conflict)? Are the consequences both functional and dysfunctional at the same time? How? What "parts" of the social system are affected by the relationship between the minority and majority groups? (15 points)
o Conflict Theory: The questions those writing from a conflict perspective might try to answer are: What form(s) does conflict between the groups take? Is/was there competition for some type of resource? How does the majority group benefit from the way things are? What type of exploitation is taking place? What is the "justifying ideology" for oppression? Is there evidence that the minority group in question is the victim of "false consciousness?" How does the majority group maintain its privileged position in the society? What middle range conflict theories apply to this conflict and how do they apply? (15 points)
o Interactionist Theory: The questions those writing from an interactionist perspective might try to answer are: How do perceptions affect behavior of both the majority and minority group members? What types of differences in meanings/perceptions based on culture and/or social class might be creating conflict between the groups? Is there any evidence of stereotyping? How does the majority group perceive the minority group and vice versa? How might differences in values create conflict? Is there evidence of labeling and a self-fulfilling prophecy? Can you see evidence of the Thomas Theorem in this relationship? (15 points)
• A Conclusion with Comparison
You should conclude your paper with a discussion of how the majority-minority relationship in that country compares with what you have learned about majority-minority relations in this country. You should compare it to a particular minority group's experience in the U.S. by explaining how your group's experience is both similar and different than the comparison group in the U.S. You should also indicate what you have learned about minority group relations in general from writing the paper and taking the course (15% or 15 points).
• Writing Mechanics:
The remaining 20% (20 points) of your grade for this assignment is divided between 2 major areas: 1) length of paper, the organization and structure of your paper, and proper writing mechanics (10 points) and 2) the quality of the references you utilize and proper reference citation (10 points). As you can see, problems in these areas can make the difference between receiving one grade and another. Utilize the "tools" feature in MS Word to check for errors in spelling, grammar, usage, agreement and sentence structure. When your paper is well organized and well written, you increase your chances of making a better grade on the other portions of the paper because I can better understand what you are trying to say.
o Length/format of Paper: This paper should be approximately 8 pages in length (double spaced 12 point font, 1 inch margins) without your Works Cited List. Do not include a separate title page. Do not exceed 10 pages or 5 points will be deducted from your final score. You will also lose 5 points if your paper is shorter than 6 pages.
o References: You must use at least 5 online references in writing your paper. Make certain that these references are accessible to me by listing them in a Works Cited List at the end of your paper. Please do not include your Works Cited List as a separate document. It should follow the conclusion of your paper. You should provide complete documentation for each reference as to the source (site sponsor), author, title, and date of publication, if given, as well as a complete and accurate URL. You will automatically lose 1 point for each URL I cannot access. Any and all papers are subject to submission to an anti-plagiarism service to check for plagiarism. If your paper does not appear to coincide with the references you cite and/or it appears that it is not written in a style consistent with your regular writing style, it will be checked.
o MLA Style Requirement: It is crucial that you give me accurate reference citations and that you cite them properly within your paper. Your paper should be done using MLA style of reference citation. See MLA Guidelines for information on using this style of reference citation for parenthetical in-text citation and composing a Works Cited List.
o Proper Citation of References: I cannot emphasize how important it is that you follow the rules for MLA, especially those that pertain to in-text citations. If you quote directly or paraphrase any source and do not note this in the text of your paper, you are guilty of plagiarism and will suffer the consequences of such. Citing your sources in the Works Cited List is not sufficient. Any direct quotes, paraphrases, or factual statements used should be so noted in the text of your paper at the places where they appear and properly cited using parenthetical in-text citation. Direct quotes are to be encased in quotation marks or separated from the text of the paper by using a block quote if they are more than a few lines in length. This is fair warning. Those who ignore these instructions risk failing the course. Do not copy and paste large sections of directly quoted material from references together to use as a substitute for writing your paper in your own words. I will not accept for credit any paper that has been composed this way, even if you cite the references in the text and in your Works Cited List. Anyone who chooses this method of writing his/her paper will receive a zero for the assignment. Your paper should be written in your own words. If more than 20% of your paper is directly quoted material, then you can't really call it a paper written by you, and I will not consider it as having been written by you. Your work must be your own. The majority of your paper should be written in your own words, not someone else's. If I find that it is not, you will receive a zero for the assignment, and you may fail the course, depending upon the circumstances. Details regarding specific penalties for various forms of plagiarism are discussed under Academic Honesty in this syllabus.
o This Sociological Analysis Rubric provides a detailed explanation of how your paper will be evaluated.
o Late Paper: No late paper will be accepted after the due date. I need the remaining time to grade final exams.
Submission of Late Work:
Late weekly class participation and other assignments are not accepted for any reason. If you do not complete the required assignments by the midnight deadline in the week they are due, you miss your chance for class participation in that week. My goal in establishing this rule is to create an online environment that is fair to me and to those who have made the effort to submit assignments on time. With the number of students I have each term, it is impossible for me to keep track of makeup work for those who want to submit late assignments. Therefore, there are no exceptions to due dates for anyone. Everyone is treated exactly the same, regardless of circumstances. Everyone is given the same deadlines for assignments. If you think that your present work schedule or work responsibilities will prevent you from regular participation in the classroom and/or from timely completion of the assignments, you may want to consider whether or not this is the best time to take this course. A small amount of extra credit is available through the Pre-Term Quiz and during Week 6. You can make up a few points missed due to an unplanned absence by doing the Extra Credit Activity in that week.
Midterm Exam:
You will take an online open book midterm exam during the fourth week of class (January 31-February 6). The exam will be set up so that you can work on it any time during that week. If the time period for the exam presents a problem for you, you will need to contact me to make other arrangements, and you should do that as soon as possible. The exam will cover chapters 1-6 and 12 in your text and any material/readings we have had for weeks 1-3 in our class discussions/activities. It will consist of objective questions and a 500 word essay. The exam is worth 80 points or 20% of your grade.
Proctored Final Exam:
A proctored examination will be taken in a proctored testing environment during the 8th (or 16th) week at one of the Park University sites around the country or at an alternative location. For proctored examinations, photo identification is required at the time of the test. Guidelines for selecting an acceptable proctor can be found on the Park University Website. Approved proctors may include pastors, librarians, guidance counselors, chaplains, US Embassy officials, military education officers, any college or university faculty member or administrator. Excluded from the list of approved proctors shall be family members, neighbors, friends, co-workers and/or supervisors. Your instructor makes the final determination as to whether or not your choice of proctor is acceptable.
The final exam for this course will be a closed book, comprehensive exam worth 120 points or 30% of your grade. No one will be allowed to pass this course without taking the final exam. The final exam is to be scheduled during the 8th week of the course (February 28 - March 6). Make certain that you schedule your exam during the designated dates.
Other Information on proctored exams:
o It will be the responsibility of the student to arrange for a proctor, by the 6th week of the term (February 20), who is accepted and approved by the course instructor.
o Approval of proctors is the discretion of the online instructor. If you live within 2 hours of a Park University site, you will be expected to arrange for a proctor there and should make every effort to take your exam there. If you are not close enough to a Park University site, you will need to arrange for an approved proctor outside of Park University.
o A proctor request form will be made available to you during the first week of class so that you can send your requested proctor to your instructor for approval. A link will be located on the Academic PSH page below the Message Center.
o Failure to take a final proctored exam (or submit your final project for some online graduate courses) will result in an automatic "F" grade.
o Some Graduate Online courses may not require a proctored Final Examination.
Course Grading Scale
Grade of A Assigned 90 -100% 360 - 400 Total Points
Grade of B Assigned 80 - 89% 320 - 359 Total Points
Grade of C Assigned 70 - 79% 280 - 319 Total Points
Grade of D Assigned 60 - 69% 240 - 279 Total Points
Grade of F Assigned Below 60% Below 240 Total Points

Academic Honesty Academic honesty is the prerequisite for academic study. Academic dishonesty is inimical to the spirit of a learning community. Hence, Park will not tolerate cheating or plagiarism on tests, examinations, papers, and other course assignments. Students who engage in such dishonesty may be given failing grades or expelled from Park.
Plagiarism, the appropriation or imitation of the language or ideas of another person and presenting them as one's original work, sometimes occurs through carelessness or ignorance. This does not make it less serious. However, students who are uncertain about proper documentation of sources should consult their course faculty member.
You may think you understand what plagiarism is, but it has been my experience that most students have only a vague idea of what it means. Below is a list of various forms of plagiarism and the penalties that will be assigned to each for this course.
Types of Plagiarism and Their Penalties:
1. Submitting as your own a paper, conference posting, or other assignment written by someone other than you. This includes, but is not limited to, using a paper someone else submitted in a previous term, obtaining a paper from a term paper service, or copying from a classmate's conference post (yes, that has happened). If you do this, and I discover you have done it, you will fail this course.
2. Submitting as your own a paper, conference posting, or other assignment that is composed of copied or closely paraphrased text from sources other than those you have cited. If you do this, and I discover you have done it, you will fail the course. All sources of information, quotes, or paraphrases must be acknowledged and properly referenced following the MLA guidelines.
3. Submitting as your own a paper, conference posting, or other assignment that has been composed of numerous sections of directly quoted material that is not properly referenced by quotation marks and/or block quotes to show that the material is directly quoted. This applies even if you have cited these sources in the bibliography and/or within the text with parenthetical citation. You will receive a zero for that assignment, and you will not have the opportunity to do it over. All sources of information, quotes, or paraphrases must be acknowledged and properly referenced following the MLA guidelines.
4. Submitting as your own a paper, conference posting, or other assignment that consists of more than 20% directly quoted material from other sources. This applies even to papers or postings that are properly referenced in every way. I simply will not accept papers or postings for credit that are not primarily written in the student's own words. You will receive a zero for that assignment, and you will not have the opportunity to do it over. Copied material tells me nothing about whether or not YOU understand the material or the purpose of the assignment. You will not be given "credit for copying."

For further information regarding plagiarism and how to avoid it, consult this plagiarism prevention site from the Writing Tutorial Services Indiana University and your student handbook. Students have failed this course because they plagiarized the work of others. Don't add to a growing list. Make certain you understand what plagiarism is and how to avoid it. Information covering this subject can be located under the Course Home menu in the classroom. It is listed under the content item labeled "Guidelines." Every student is expected review this information.

Attendance Professors are required to keep attendance records and report absences throughout the term. Excused absences can be granted by the instructor for medical reasons, school sponsored activities, and employment-related demands including temporary duty. The student is responsible for completing all missed work. Absences in excess of four (4) class periods (2 weeks in a term) will be reported to the Dean for appropriate action. Any student failing to attend class for two consecutive weeks, without an approved excuse, will be institutionally withdrawn (unofficially withdrawn) and notified by mail that an "F" will be recorded.
Students are expected to spend a substantial amount of time online and offline each week including but not limited to responding to the weekly conference discussions, sending/receiving Email, reading and viewing online lectures, completing online quizzes and tests, and conducting research over the World Wide Web. A rule of thumb is that you should spend approximately 4-5 hours per week online reviewing course content and engaging in group work and discussion and an additional 4-6 hours per week on readings, preparing assignments, or completing papers or examinations.
Course Specific Attendance Guidelines
If you will be unable to participate in the online classroom due to medical reasons or employment-related demands including temporary duty, please contact me as soon as you know you will be absent. I am reluctant to excuse absences that are not discussed ahead of time. If you have an extended absence due to TDY or other military assignment, you should fax a copy of your orders to me at 314-754-9748. Attendance records are not the same as class participation records. As stated earlier, late assignments cannot be made up, regardless of the reason. In order for your online attendance to be properly tracked, you must login to your course and use the "Exit Button" that appears at the bottom on the left-hand menu of your course (es). Note that the eCollege classroom is set to MST. You will have to figure out by what time you must post in your own time zone to make the Midnight MST.

Student Resources McAfee Memorial Library - Online information, links, electronic databases and the Online catalog. Contact the library for further assistance via email or at 800-270-4347.
Park University Online Bookstore - Select "Distance Learning - Graduate," or "Distance Learning Internet," and then click on the appropriate course code (ex. AC 201, PA 501) to see the list of required and optional texts for each course that you are enrolled in.
Academic Advising - Park University would like to assist you in achieving your educational goals. Your Campus Center Administrator can provide advising to you, please contact them for assistance. If you need contact information for your Campus Center, click here. Military students who do not have a physical home of record should contact Jo Lewke (toll free: 866-584-9540). Non-military students without a home of record should contact Bev Gauper (toll free: 877-505-1059) for advising.
Online Tutoring Services - Park University has arranged for Online students to receive five hours of free access to Online tutoring and academic support through Smarthinking. If you would like Online tutoring, please contact me to receive their recommendation and information on how to access the Online tutoring.
Career Counseling - The Mission of Park University's Career Development Center (CDC) is to provide the career planning tools to ensure a lifetime of career success. The CDC provides online resources--interest inventories, job databases, etc., --for all stages of career development. Contact the Career Development center by email or by phone at 816-584-6350.
Online Classroom Technical Support - For assistance in resolving a technical problem accessing while in the online classroom, you can contact eCollege Helpdesk, which is open 24 hours/7 days a week (live support). Email or call the helpdesk at 866-301-PARK (7275).
Park Helpdesk - If you have forgotten your OPEN ID or Password, or need assistance with your Pirate Mail account, please email the Park Helpdesk or call 800-927-3024.

My Bio and Philosophy Bio: The course instructor, Pam Callan, has served as an
adjunct faculty for Park University since 2002 through the
Goodfellow AFB campus in San Angelo, Texas. Ms. Callan
received her MA in English with a minor in Psychology from
Angelo State University in 1989 and her MS in Education
from Capella University in 2002. She earned a graduate
certificate in Diversity Studies in 2003 from Capella
University. She has earned additional graduate hours in
Psychology, Sociology/Human Services, and Communication.
Her areas of interest are race and ethnic relations, the
study of the family, and small group, public and
interpersonal communication.

Philosophy: I strongly believe in collaborative learning.
My philosophy of teaching is one of interativeness based
on lectures, readings, quizzes, discussions, examinations,
web sites and videos. I strongly encourage each student
to strive to reach his/her highest potential by reading,
questioning, reviewing and discussing.