AR203 Three-Dimensional Design

for FA 2008

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Mission Statement: The mission of Park University, an entrepreneurial institution of learning, is to provide access to academic excellence, which will prepare learners to think critically, communicate effectively and engage in lifelong learning while serving a global community.

Vision Statement: Park University will be a renowned international leader in providing innovative educational opportunities for learners within the global society.


AR 203 Three-Dimensional Design


FA 2008 HO


Donna Bachmann


Professor of Art, Chair Dept. of Art & Design


M.F.A., University of  Missouri-Columbia,
M.A., University of Missouri-Kansas City,
B.F.A, Kansas City Art Institute.

Office Location

Alumni Hall, Room 31

Office Hours

Tues. & Thurs: 11:30-12:30 and 3:30-5:30 and by appointment

Daytime Phone

Office/voice mail: 816-584-6457

Other Phone

Home: 913-384-4419


Semester Dates

Jan. 16- May 11. 2007

Class Days


Class Time

8:45 - 11:25 AM



Credit Hours



Additional Resources:
Zelanski & Fisher’s Shaping Space .

Wucius Wong’s Three-Dimensional Design.
ARTstor, a digital visual database available online through Park's library.

McAfee Memorial Library - Online information, links, electronic databases and the Online catalog. Contact the library for further assistance via email or at 800-270-4347.
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Park Helpdesk - If you have forgotten your OPEN ID or Password, or need assistance with your PirateMail account, please email or call 800-927-3024
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Course Description:
The basic principles of three-dimensional design that underlie all sculpture  and such diverse fields as package, furniture, and interior design are  systematically explored in a series of studio assignments in a variety of  media.  Additive, subtractive, constructive, and simple casting techniques  are taught.  1:5:3

About this course:  Three-Dimensional Design is essentially a beginning sculpture course.  Most of our class time will be devoted to individual studio work.  Classes will also include demonstrations, slide lectures, field trips and critiques. Most instruction will be one-on-one. The first half of the semester will emphasize a series of quick problems, each requiring about a week to complete. The second half of the semester will focus on three much more ambitious projects.
One project will be communal.

Educational Philosophy:
My educational philosophy regarding the studio arts is based on the primacy of: 

      • Intensive studio practice; art is labor intensive. 
      • The creative process of play; that is, the necessity of experimenting openly and  in unorthodox 
                    directions which involves risk. 
     • Craftsmanship. 
     • Critical thinking: art as an intellectual endeavor.
I engage each student in an ongoing discussion about their ideas and their work.  Through each  project and through successive semesters,  I try to provide the stimulus and support that will help build each  student's skill, confidence and portfolio.

Learning Outcomes:
  Core Learning Outcomes

  1. Demonstrate three-dimensional, spatial thinking.
  2. Generate multiple solutions to given three-dimensional design problems---the most creative and original solution to a design challenge is rarely the first idea.
  3. Use drawing in the design process. (Drawing is how designers think).
  4. Work skillfully, that is, with confidence and craftsmanship in two or more sculptural media/techniques.
  5. Critique three-dimensional forms, your own and others, in the appropriate professional language in order to discover how individual projects can be improved.
  6. Produce a portfolio of approximately ten three-dimensional projects.

Core Assessment:

The Reliquary

This the Core Assessment for this course and will be worth 20% of your final grade. Please see the rubric included in your syllabus.

Medium: Open
Scale: Open
Technique: Open
Objective: Produce an interactive object that will function to protect your sacred object and which will display and/or conceal it.
  A Reliquary is not just a decorated box.  It is a kind of hollow sculpture with a special (or secret) compartment for the sacred object.  It is a functional sculptural form.


  • Choose a “sacred object”—-that is, a small object of personal significance to you.  It need not be intrinsically valuable only meaningful.
  • By means of research and drawing explore a variety of ideas and solutions for this problem.
  • Produce at least two finished drawings (any media/technique, 18 x 24 inches) that provide useable plans for construction/fabrication and allow you to visualize the finished work.  Consider a cross-section of one of the views.
  • Plan to construct a perfect thing.  Imagine how you want the Reliquary to be and then work toward solving the problems that that presents.  Do not start with what you imagine your limitations to be.  Consider all the possibilities of technique and media: additive, subtractive, molding, assemblage and metals, wood, fabric, plastics, natural fibers, synthetic materials, found objects, etc.
  • Get my approval of your drawings and plans before you begin.

I may have access to stuff you will need.

Gather the materials and equipment you need to work.

Link to Class Rubric

Class Assessment:
You will be graded on the quality of your work.  I will consider creativity (the originality of your ideas), their visual and spacial expression, quantity of work, and craftsmanship (neatness does count in all areas of design).  In addition, your growth and development during the course of the semester will be taken into account.  

      1.    Attendance. 
      2.    Completed assigned projects,  signed and ready for critique at the specified times.
      3.    Participation in and contribution to the group class critiques.
      4.    Individual Mid-Term and Final Portfolios and Critiques. 

             During Mid-Term and Finals Weeks I will meet with each of you individually to review your 
             preceding finished projects and to re-evaluate your progress.  These meetings will last about 15
             minutes each.  At these two critiques all of  your preceding assignments will be re-submitted.  
             This means that after the original project critique you may rework a project to improve
             it and its grade.  


Mid-Term Critiques:   Tuesday, Oct. 7 and Thursday and  Oct. 9 during our regular class time. 

Final Critiques:           Tuesday, Dec. 9, 10:15-12:15  and Thursday, Dec. 11, 8:00-10:00. 

Each assignment/project will be critiqued by the entire class on the assigned due date and each project will receive a grade.  Individual, private critiques will be scheduled at mid-term and at finals  for each student.  At that time the work from the preceding weeks will be re-critiqued.  So it is possible to re-work any of the projects for this second critique for an improved grade.  

Group Critiques:
The class group critiques are opportunities to see your work in the context of the work of the entire class and to discover how your work succeeds and how it can be improved (they can ALL be improved!).  By means of discussion you'll find out how your work is perceived by your peers and contribute your own insights to your classmates.

About the critique process:  There are three main components to a critique of a work of art.
1. Description.  This part is objective.  What elements of art and principles of design are being used?  What do you see?
2. Analysis.  This is also objective.  How are those elements and principles being used?  How successful, engaging is the interaction of the parts that make up the whole work?
3. Interpretation.  This part is subjective.  What do you think?  What response does this piece elicit in you?  Do you perceive any metaphorical or symbolic content?

Attendance/participation:      10% 
Mid-term portfolio:                30
Core Assessment:                 20
Balance of Final Portfolio:      40

Individual projects will be critiqued, graded/assessed using the following criteria:
1.  The work is clearly signed with the artist's name, it is turned in for critique on time and  it is within the limitations specified on the assignment sheet. (Creativity occurs within the limitations.)
2.  Concept.  The idea.
3.  Craftsmanship.  How well the physical object been produced. 
4.  Composition.  

    100 - 90% = A 
         89 - 80 = B 
         79 - 70 = C 
         69 - 60 = D 
        Below 59 = F  


Late Submission of Course Materials:
Assignments are due for group critique on the specified dates/times.  When you or your work are not present for critique, you are letting your classmates down.  Late work will be accepted within one week of the original due date but will automatically be lowered one letter grade. 

Classroom Rules of Conduct:
Studio space and storage:  Our class will use the large work tables.   We have limited storage.  There are a few large lockers in the back hall and stairwell.  There are a dozen metal cabinet/drawer lockers in the main studio.  Two students should share each one.  They can be locked.  Put your names and “Fall 08”  on the locker you claim.  

We will be involved sometimes in VERY messy processes.  Protect your clothing. Do not leave coats and backpacks on the tables.  Store works in progress in a locker or on or under your table.  

Take special care of our antique plumbing.  Do not pour plaster, paint or glue down the sink.  Scrape this stuff into the trash.  This is a communal studio.  Please take care of the space and respect each others work areas and works in progress. 

Studio Availability:  This studio is available to you 24 hours, 7 days per week. Your name will be placed on the Art Dept.’s Security List for this building.  After hours call campus security (584-6444) to be admitted to Alumni Hall.  Be prepared to show your Park ID and to cooperate with campus security officers at all times.  
Safety in the Studio.  All solvents and any other flammable materials are to be kept in the yellow fireproof cabinet.  If you bring any potentially dangerous substance into the studio, do so in the ORIGINAL CONTAINER,  show it to me and label it clearly with your name for safe storage in the yellow cabinet.  I must be sure accurate information is in our MSDS (Materials Safety Data Sheets) notebook  which is outside my office door for you to consult. 

If you are working in the studio late at night, lock yourself in and call security, 6444, to let them know you are here. The studio phone in the SW corner is for your use.   

Proper use of the power tools will be taught.  Only use power tools when a buddy is present.  Always wear goggles.

Course Topic/Dates/Assignments:
The first half of the semester will be devoted to a series of quick projects and their group critiques.  Each will usually require about a week to complete.  These will be "re-critiqued" at your individual mid-term critique with me.

The second half of the semester will focus on approximately three more ambitious projects: the core assessment project ("The Reliquary"), a communal project ("The Quadrupeds") and a third project to be announced.
Dates will be specified on each assignment sheet.

Academic Honesty:
Academic integrity is the foundation of the academic community. Because each student has the primary responsibility for being academically honest, students are advised to read and understand all sections of this policy relating to standards of conduct and academic life.   Park University 2008-2009 Undergraduate Catalog Page 87

Plagiarism involves the use of quotations without quotation marks, the use of quotations without indication of the source, the use of another's idea without acknowledging the source, the submission of a paper, laboratory report, project, or class assignment (any portion of such) prepared by another person, or incorrect paraphrasing. Park University 2008-2009 Undergraduate Catalog Page 87
The above are Park's official policies regarding academic honesty and plagiarism.  Honesty in the studio is seldom an issue.  Of course, you must not turn in any work which you did not do. The consequences are severe and can include failure of the course and other disciplinary action by the University.

Attendance Policy:
Instructors are required to maintain attendance records and to report absences via the online attendance reporting system.

  1. The instructor may excuse absences for valid reasons, but missed work must be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  2. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties.
  3. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a semester/term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of "F".
  4. A "Contract for Incomplete" will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course.
  5. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance or Veterans Administration educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the semester/term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student.
  6. Report of a "F" grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for those students who are receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned in item 5 above will be reported to the appropriate agency.

Park University 2008-2009 Undergraduate Catalog Page 89-90
MY ATTENDANCE POLICY:  of the  29 class sessions scheduled for this course you will be allowed three (3) cuts (over 10%) without penalty.   I do not attempt to differentiate between good reasons and bad for your not being here.  Stuff does happen.  If you are not here, you are absent.   With a fourth absence your final grade will be lowered one full letter grade.  Exceptions to this policy will only be negotiable in extreme circumstances (family deaths, hospitalizations, etc.)

ATHLETES:  Please provide me with a list of the specific class session dates which you anticipate needing to miss due to games, signed by your coach, by the second week of the semester  (Aug. 26).  With this information we can attempt to make arrangements to compensate you for missed class time in excess of the three allowed cuts.
Providing  me with these dates is mandatory and your responsibility to provide.

Disability Guidelines:
Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University's policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities. In the case of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University's policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page: .


The Sculpture Kit assign

The Sculpture Kit assign


CompetencyExceeds Expectation (3)Meets Expectation (2)Does Not Meet Expectation (1)No Evidence (0)
A high level of research for the project is demonstrated in the extensive preliminary

sketches and design drawings for the production of the Reliquary. Quality of drawing is high. 
An adequate level of research for the project is demonstrated in the  several preliminary sketches and design drawings for the production of the Reliquary. Quality of drawing is adequate. An inadequate level of research for the project is demonstrated by the relatively few preliminary sketches and design drawings for the production of the Reliquary. Quality of drawing is poor. No research for the project is demonstrated by the lack of preliminary sketches or design drawings for the production of the Reliquary. 
The use of the Elements of Art & the Principles of Design in the finished Reliquary demonstrate  thorough understanding. The use of the Elements of Art & the Principles of Design in the finished Reliquary demonstrate basic understanding. The use of the Elements of Art & the Principles of Design in the finished Reliquary

demonstrate inadequate understanding.

If finished, the Reliquary demonstrates a lack of understanding

of the Elements of Art & the principles of Design;  or the Reliquary may  be incomplete.

A high degree of Compositional Unity has been achieved in the Reliquary. All the parts work together to produce a strong three-dimensional whole. A moderate degree of Compositional Unity

is demonstrated in the Reliquary.   Most of the parts work together to produce a moderately unified three-dimensional whole. 
Compositional Unity is weak in the Reliquary.

The parts are not integrated well and do not produce a unified three-dimensional whole.

If finished, the Reliquary lacks Compositional Unity; or the Reliquary may be incomplete. 
CRITIQUE: A well developed verbal 3-D design vocabulary is used regularly to contribute to class critiques. CRITIQUE:  A growing verbal design vocabulary is evident in the occasional contributions to class critiques. CRITIQUES: Little evidence of verbal design vocabulary.  Rarely contributes to class critiques. CRITIQUES:  No evidence of verbal design vocabulary.  Does not contribute to class critiques. 
Content of Communication                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
The content (or metaphor or symbolism) of the Reliquary is eloquently  communicated. The content (or metaphor or symbolism) of the Reliquary can be understood. The content (or symbolism or metaphor) of the Reliquary is obscure and difficult

to understand.

There is no apparent content (or symbolism or metaphor) in the Reliquary. 
Technical Skill in Communication includes both: Whole Artifact: Presentation and Components: Handskills                                                                                                                                                    
4, 5                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
CRAFTSMANSHIP: PRESENTATION is extremely effective & harmonious, adding to rather than detracting from the Reliquary.

CRAFTSMANSHIP: HANDSKILLS.  All components are well crafted.  No flaws are evident. 

PRESENTATION is adequate and does not detract from the Reliquary.

CRAFTSMANSHIP: HANDSKILLS.  Most components are acceptably crafted  such that the few errors do not detract from the visual whole. 

PRESENTATION is inadequate and detracts from the Reliquary.


HANDSKILLS. Many components are poorly crafted & detract from the visual whole.


PRESENTATION issues have been ignored in the Reliquary.


HANDSKILLS. Poor craftsmanship is evident throughout all aspects of the Reliquary.

Discipline Competency:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
4, 5 Functionality & Interactivity.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
A high degree of functionality and interactivity are built into the Reliquary. The piece is physically strong (not fragile). An adequate degree of functionality and interactivity are built into the Reliquary. The piece has adequate strength (not fragile). The Reliquary has only marginal functionality and interactivity. It is fragile. The Reliquary is neither functional nor interactive.  It may be unfinished. 
Discipline Competency:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
2 Engagement in the design & fabrication process.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
Throughout the project the student has demonstrated a strong ability to face design and fabrication problems as they arose and to solve them to continue developing her work. Throughout the project the student has demonstrated an adequate ability to face design and fabrication problems and a willingness to try to solve them to continue developing her work. Throughout the project the student has found it difficult to face design and fabrication problems and has had difficulty solving them in order to continue developing her work. Throughout the project the student has been unable to face design and fabrication problems and has been unwilling to try to solve them.



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Last Updated:7/15/2008 11:26:10 PM