PS315 Theories of Personality

for F1N 2004

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Course Number: PS315
Course Title: Theories of Personalities
Instructor: Diane H. Bryan, PhD AbD
Term: Fall I, 2004
Time: Saturday 8-1:00 PM
Site: Park University, Ft. Bliss Campus

I. COURSE DESCRIPTION: An examination of the major personality theories including the theorists and their research. Emphasis is on personality development, distinctions associated with behavior and motivation, and the application of theory, assessment and evaluation of personality.

II. GOALS OF THE COURSE: Students will be introduced to the background, theories, and applications of personality development. Students will be able to define terms, concepts, and theories of personality. Students are expected to develop their own theory of personality. Students will research and discuss current theories of personality.

1. Understand the definition and use of terminology and concepts of personality theorists.
2. Understand the major theories of Personality and identify their corresponding theorists.
3. Compare and contrast the different theories of personality.
4. Develop a theory of personality for yourself.
5. Understand and discuss the behavioral, emotional and cognitive aspects of personality, (i.e., motivation, traits, states of being and individual differences).
6. Understand current theories and trends in the psychology of personality.

IV. COURSE ARRANGEMENTS: Lectures, group discussions, class discussions pertaining to the assigned “topic of the week,” 3-part paper, and weekly tests.

A. POSITION PAPER: (Part one of 3-part paper) The TOPIC FOR THIS PAPER IS NATURE VS. NURTURE. It is to be 3-5 pages in length and to conform to all APA style requirements. A position paper states your opinion on the topic. Use yourself as the example. Define and explain, in your opinion, how your personality developed either as a product of nature (genes) or nurture (environment and people) or some combination of the two (use deductive reasoning). DO NOT WRITE AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY AND BE SURE TO IDENTIFY THE TRAITS YOU DISCUSS AS EITHER NATURE OR NURTURE.
2. (part 2 of 3-part paper) Using the position you took on your nature vs. nurture paper as the basis for this paper, analyze TWO FACTORS of your personality using at least TWO THEORIES we have discussed in class. Explain how these theories explain the possible origin of these factors of your personality. How do these theories explain the developmental aspects of your personality? Do not rewrite the story of the first paper, but use two aspects you defined in paper # one and develop them according to the personality theories we have already discussed in class. This paper is different from the first paper in that it is based on proving your reasoning whereas the first paper was a personal reflection and historical. The paper is to be 3-5 pages in length and APA format.
3. (Part 3 of 3-part paper) Using the analysis you previously developed based on the two theories, write a TREATMENT APPROACH USING TWO OTHER THEORIES (DO NOT USE the ones already used in the analysis) for your self. How would you CHANGE OR STRENGTHEN your personality by using these two theories? What do you anticipate the end results to be? Explain. This paper is based on a SERIOUS ATTEMPT TO ANALYZE the process of change by using theoretical constructs. The paper will be 3-5 pages in length and APA format.

B. The TOPIC OF THE WEEK: Each week a topic will be introduced which pertains to the class reading material and lectures assigned for that specific week. All students are required to enter into this discussion.Your discussion and application of course material constitutes 15% of your total grade (See Syllabus).

C. EXAMS: There will be a written exam administered weekly. The exams will be a combination of multiple choice, true or false, matching, essay and fill-in-the-blank questions. These exams will be given promptly at the beginning of class (8:00 AM) each week beginning at week 3 and continuing through week 7. There will not be a midterm or final exam. THERE ARE NO MAKEUP TESTS. IF YOU MISS A TEST, UNLESS IT IS FOR A MEDICAL REASON WITH DOCUMENTATION FROM A DOCTOR, A DEATH IN YOUR IMMEDIATE FAMILY OR A MILITARY ASSIGNMENT, YOUR GRADE FOR THAT TEST WILL BE ZERO.

D. Depending upon the size of the class, a video clip or case study may be used for diagnostic experience in place of the weekly exam. A specific set of questions will be passed out prior to the video or case study, and students are expected to answer the questions according to theoretical orientations studied that week. This will be graded as a weekly exam, and, if missed due to absenteeism, there ARE NO MAKE-UP SITUATIONS for these activities.

E. All written assignments are to be word processed. Proper sentence structure, correct grammar and punctuation are required for all papers. The format is to follow the American Psychological Association format for written papers. There are no exceptions to this required format style. I will not accept papers that do not conform to all of the above guidelines or papers turned in after the due date. Papers will be submitted with pages stapled together. Do not use folders, plastic carriers or report covers.

Engler, Barbara (1999). Personality Theories: An introduction (6th Ed.). NY: Houghton Mifflin Co.

VII. SUPPLEMENTAL READINGS: Journal articles, Profession papers, current research and texts pertaining to the development of theories of personality.

WEEK 1 Introductions and review of course syllabus
Housekeeping rules
Reading assignment: Chapters 1 (to be completed prior to first class session ).
Lecture: Introduction to personality: Theories, assumptions, evaluations, terms and the role of personality and its application.
No weekly test

WEEK 2 Reading assignment: Chapters 2 - 4
Lecture: Constructs of psychoanalysis (Sigmund Freud), Analytical psychology (Carl Jung), Interpsychic psychology (Alfred Adler).
Topic of the week for discussion: Can the psychoanalysis approach be used today with current manage care regulations?
No weekly test

WEEK 3 Reading assignment: Chapters 5 and 6
Lecture: Psychoanalytic Social psychology (Karen Horney and Erich Fromm), Ego psychology (Anna Freud and Erik Erickson).
Topic of the week for discussion: Discuss situations for which you can apply the Neopschoanalytic approach.
Position paper due Topic: Nurture vs. nature
Weekly test (Includes Freud, Jung, Adler)
WEEK 4 Reading assignment: Chapters 7
Lecture: Object relations (Klein, Mahler, Kohut, Kernberg)
Human relations psychology Chodorow and Stone Center Group)
Video test: Object Relations
Weekly test (Horney, Fromm, Anna Freud, and Erickson)

WEEK 5 Reading assignment: Chapters 8 and 9
Lecture: Behavioral theorists (Skinner, Dollard and Miller) and Social Learning theory (Bandura and Rotter).
Topic of the week for discussion: Discuss alternative reinforcements (other then candy) and their potential effectiveness
Self Analysis paper due
Weekly Test Object Relations and Stone Center Group
WEEK 6 Reading assignment: Chapters 10-12
Lecture: Traits, personal dispositions, and human needs (Allport, Murray), Factor Analysis (Cattell) and Biological traits (Eysenck).
Video test: Trait and personal factors affecting personality (The Piano) Weekly test (Skinner, Dollard and Miller, Bandura, and Rotter)

WEEK 7 Reading assignment: Chapters 13 and 16
Lecture: Humanism (Maslow and Rogers) and Cognitive/Behavioral (Ellis, Beck and Lazuras)
Topic of the week for discussion: How effective are these theories in the current world, particularly in cases of addition.
Written response/analysis of the video replaces regular weekly test
Small group analysis of case study with questions
Treatment plan for personal theory due.

WEEK 8 Finish all course work

90 - 100 A
80 - 89 B
70 - 79 C
60 - 69 D
0 - 59 F

Weekly class discussions 15%
Position/analysis and treatment papers 45%
Exams 40%

X. CLASS POLICIES: Academic honesty is required of all members of a learning community. Hence, the university will not tolerate cheating or plagiarism on tests, examinations, papers or other course assignments. Students who engage in such dishonesty may be given failing grades or expelled from the university.

Plagiarism - the appropriation or imitation of the language or ideas of another person and presenting them as one’s original work - sometimes occurs through carelessness or ignorance. Students who are uncertain about paper documentation of sources should consult their instructors.

Students are expected to attend each and every scheduled meeting of all courses in which they are enrolled and to be present for the full class period. Absenteeism and tardiness, regardless of cause, threaten academic achievement. Classes missed for legitimate reasons (e.g., illness, death in family, temporary duty) are excusable; However, a student who is absent from a class is subject to appropriate consequences, as described by the instructor in the syllabus, if a test, quiz, recitation, homework assignment or any other activity falls on the day of absence, unless the student is granted an excused absence.

I am available by appointment to assist you with any assignment or to discuss your class performance. You can contact me at:, 915-525-2796, fax 915-581-6708, or by appointment, following each class session.