BI306 Biological Literature

for FA 2006

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Mission Statement: The mission of Park University, an entrepreneurial institution of learning, is to provide access to academic excellence, which will prepare learners to think critically, communicate effectively and engage in lifelong learning while serving a global community.

Vision Statement: Park University will be a renowned international leader in providing innovative educational opportunities for learners within the global society.


BI 306 Biological Literature/CH306 Chemical Bibliography


FA 2006 HO


Sanders, Carol


Associate Professor of Biology


Ph.D. University of Mississippi
M.S. University of Central Arkansas
B.S.E. University of Central Arkansas

Office Location


Office Hours

M--10:00-10:50,  T--9:30-10:30, W--9:00-10:00, Th--10:00-10:50

Daytime Phone



Semester Dates

August 21-December 15,2006

Class Days


Class Time

11:00 - 12:15 PM


Must have passed the WCT

Credit Hours


None required

Additional Resources:

Linda Hall Library
UMKC Medical School Library

The Science of Scientific Writing: Writingci.pdf;jsessionid=baa6IEJo5nzYwo?fulltext=true

Word Usage in Scientific:

McAfee Memorial Library - Online information, links, electronic databases and the Online catalog. Contact the library for further assistance via email or at 800-270-4347.
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Course Description:

BI 306    A one-semester study of the biological thoughts and the methods of biological communication. Emphasis is placed on the acquisition and use of biological literature. Writing and evaluation of scientific papers is stressed. This course is to be taken during the junior year. The course will satisfy the EN 306 requirement for Biology and Athletic Training majors. PREREQUISITES: EN 105, EN 106, passing WCT and 60 accumulated hours. 3:0:3

CH306   Access to the chemical literature is surveyed.  The use of index journals, primary and secondary sources, the patent literature, the on-line search, and the literature organization is explained and illustrated.  Submission of a written, formal proposal for an original research problem, together with the records of the literature search validating the proposal, is required.  This course will satisfy the EN 306 requirement. PREREQUISITES: EN 105, EN 106, passing WCT and 60 accumulated hours. 3:0:3

Educational Philosophy:
The instructor's educational philosophy is one of interactiveness based on lectures, readings, homework activities, dialogues, examinations, use of the internet, and writings.

Learning Outcomes:
  Core Learning Outcomes

  1. Identify the types of scientific literature, perform bibliographic searches and evaluate as sources of information.
  2. Construct reports, papers, and a research proposal in a format accepted by the Council of Science Editors.
  3. Prepare and exhibit a poster on a topic of research.
  4. Develop a professional resume and cover letter.

Core Assessment:

Scientific research paper dealing with a current topic of importance.

Assignment Issues
1.             Knowledge of types of literature
2.             Be able to do electronic and manual literature searches
3.             Produce an evaluative cohesive work
4.             Recognize and use proper presentation techniques
5.             Application of scientific writing style
6.             Correct usage of grammar

Link to Class Rubric

Class Assessment:
Classes will consist primarily of discussions, out of class assignments, research at area libraries, paper reviews, grammatical and editoral assignments, poster construction and presentation, and paper development.  Because this course involves a significant amount of independent work, students should expect to spend significant out of class time.  There is also a certain amount of subjective assessment in the course.


Assignment Point Value
Exam 75
Research Paper 150
Poster 75
Editing Assignments


Grammar Assignments 50
Resume 25
Library Assignments 25
Writing Assignments 25
Participation 25



Late Submission of Course Materials:
Late assignments will not be accepted. 

Classroom Rules of Conduct:

  1. While computers make writing and revising much easier and more productive as well as are a requirement for PowerPoint, students must recognize that technology can also cause problems.  Printers run out of ink and hard drives crash.  Students must be responsible for planning ahead and meeting deadlines in spite of technology.  Be sure to back-up copies of your work to disk, hard drive, and/or print out paper copies.  “The computer lab is out of paper” is not an excuse. 
  2. The instructor strives to create an informal and comfortable classroom environment for class discussions. However, this is an educational forum and the students are expected to act accordingly.  Students will treat fellow classmates and the instructor with respect.  Disruptive or deliberately unhelpful viewpoints will not be tolerated
  3. Cell phones should be turned off prior to class. 

Week of:

Class Activities

August 21-25

Library, Types of scientific literature

August 28-Sept. 1

Linda Hall, Critiques

September 4-8


September 11-15

Grammar, Editing

September 18-22

Paper Topic, Grammar

September 25-29

Poster Topic, Editing

October 2-6

Resume, Editing

October 9-13

Exam, Poster

October 16-20

Fall Break

October 23-27

Critique vs Analysis, Poster

October 30-Nov. 3

Poster Display (11/3)

November 6-10


November 13-17

Rough Draft of Paper

November 20-24


November 27-Dec. 1


December 4-8

Paper Due

Academic Honesty:
Academic integrity is the foundation of the academic community. Because each student has the primary responsibility for being academically honest, students are advised to read and understand all sections of this policy relating to standards of conduct and academic life.   Park University 2006-2007 Undergraduate Catalog Page 87-89

Plagiarism involves the use of quotations without quotation marks, the use of quotations without indication of the source, the use of another's idea without acknowledging the source, the submission of a paper, laboratory report, project, or class assignment (any portion of such) prepared by another person, or incorrect paraphrasing. Park University 2005-2006 Undergraduate Catalog Page 87

Attendance Policy:
Instructors are required to maintain attendance records and to report absences via the online attendance reporting system.

  1. The instructor may excuse absences for valid reasons, but missed work must be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  2. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties.
  3. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a semester/term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of "W".
  4. A "Contract for Incomplete" will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course.
  5. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance or Veterans Administration educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the semester/term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student.
  6. Report of a "F" grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for those students who are receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned in item 5 above will be reported to the appropriate agency.

Park University 2006-2007 Undergraduate Catalog Page 89-90
1.  Attendance at work or graduate/professional school is mandatory for remaining employed or in school and thus is a component of professional conduct.  Therefore students are expected to attend all sessions and to be on time. The student is expected to be prepared for class and have completed any assigned work. There will also be at least one (hopefully more) field trips to area libraries outside of class time. Because of the participatory nature of the course, students are required to attend all sessions. I do recognize that personal emergencies will arise during the course of the semester. Therefore, two absences (for any reason: illness, personal appointments, doctors appointments car problems...etc.) may be forgiven without penalty. (For any absence beyond two, one percent (1%) of the total accumulated points may be deducted for each absence). Attendance will be checked at each meeting. Two tardies will be counted as one absence.

2.  Students will be held responsible for contacting the instructor prior to class, either via telephone, mail, or email, if they will be late to or absent from a class session.  Any means of contact, regarding the absence, following the class session missed will not be acceptable as an excused absence.  Any student absent from class due to Park University related activities is required to notify the instructor during the class session prior to the absence and to provide a schedule of absences.  Any assignment due during the class session missed, because of the Park University related event, is required to be submitted and/or completed prior to the class session the student is absent.

Disability Guidelines:
Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University's policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities. In the case of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University's policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page: .


CompetencyExceeds Expectation (3)Meets Expectation (2)Does Not Meet Expectation (1)No Evidence (0)
1, 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Uses more than 10 sources of which  9 are primary literature to produce cohesive analysis of information Uses 10 sources of which 7 are primary literature to produce cohesive analysis of information Uses less than 10 sources with 5 or less primary and doesn't produce a cohesive analysis of information No indication of use of sources to produce a cohesive document 
1, 2, 3, 4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
Uses information obtained by research and formulates new ideas and cohesive presentation Uses information obtained by research and formulates cohesive presentation Properly uses information from research but does not create cohesive presentation No evidence of analysis of research materials 
2, 3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Provides new insight into information gained by research Effectively presents and understands the value of information obtained by research Presents the material but has serious deficiencies in the understanding Some presentation but does not exhibit understanding 
1,2, 3, 4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
No factual errors 1 to 3 factual errors More than 4 factual errors Many factual errors 
1, 2, 3, 4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
Demonstrates mastery of all 6 of the assignment issues Demonstrates mastery of 4 to 6 of the assignment issues Demonstrates mastery of less than 4 of the assignment issues Does not demonstrate mastery of assignment issues 
1, 2, 3, 4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
Effectively incorporates/applies all of the assignment issues Effectively incorporates or applies 4 to 6 of the assignment issues Effectively incorporates or applies 3 to 4 of the assignment issues Does do apply or incorporate assignment issues 
Whole Artifact                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
1,2, 3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
No errors in writing conventions; Uses 12 or more sources of which  9 are primary literature; 10 pages in length; more than 7 sources are 2000 or later 1 to 3 errors in writing conventions; Uses 10 sources of which 7 are primary literature; 8.5 pages in length; 7 sources are 2000 or later 4 or more errors in writing conventions; Uses less than 10 sources with 5 or less primary; less than 8.5 pages in length; less than 7 sources are 2000 or later Many errors in writing conventions, uses 5 or fewer sources, less than 5 pages in length 
1, 2, 3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Contains no errors in the following paper format items:
*Page numbers
*Works cited
*Internal documentation
Contains only 1 to 3 errors in the following paper format items:
*Page numbers
*Works cited
*Internal documentation
Contains 4 to 9 errors in the following paper format items:
*Page numbers
*Works cited
*Internal documentation
Contains 10 or more errors in the following paper format items:
*Page numbers
*Works cited
*Internal documentation


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Last Updated:8/2/2006 8:52:05 PM