PH211 Fundamentals of Logic

for S2J 2007

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PH 211 Fundamentals of Logic


S2J 2007 PV


Vlahos, Clare


Senior Adjunct Professor


PH.D University of Kansas
M.PH University of Kansas
M.A. University of Iowa

Daytime Phone

(816) 478-9019


Semester Dates

March 19, 2007 - May 13, 2007

Class Days


Class Time

5:30 - 9:50 PM

Credit Hours


Howard Kahane, Logical and Contemporary Rhetoric:  the Use of Reason in Everyday Life, tenth edition. Wadsworth.

Textbooks can be purchased through the Parkville Bookstore

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Course Description:
Principles of sound reasoning.  Topics include: analysis of propaganda and sources of prejudice, fallacies in reasoning and speech; the logic of the syllogism with techniques for testing validity; and the basic apparatus of symbolic logic.  3:0:3

Educational Philosophy:
This class will provide theoretical methods in informal, syllogistic, and symbolic logic.  The student will then apply these methods to situations in which fallacies in thinking typically arise.  The class will employ the following educational methods:  *-Small group discussions for student analysis and preparation for general discussions. *-Videos detailing specific historical issues. *-In-class written examinations. *-Oral student in-class presentations summarizing and evaluating the focal discussed in             research papers. *-Discussion of research being undertaken in student research papers. *-Review of material for examinations. *-One guest lecture on a pertinent issue.

  Instructor Learning Outcomes

  1. Explain the method of philosophy.
  2. Develop philosophical arguments.
  3. To categorize major approaches and arguments in philosophy.
  4. Demonstrate facility in evaluating effective argument support and fallacies in developing arguments.
  5. To employ the discipline, methods, and tradition of philosophy.
  6. To distinguish correct from incorrect patterns of thought by methods of isolating informal fallacies, formal syllogisms and symbolic inferences.
  7. To provide guidance for the examination of personal values and social issues.
  8. To develop skill in critical thinking and self-examination of one's thinking.
  9. To employ philosophical method through philosophical logic.
  10. To evaluate the use of logic in epistemology, ethics, religion, and political philosopy.
  11. Critical Literacy:  To evaluate and construct arguments which claim to support or deny positions in ethics, religion, and political philosophy.
  12. Civil Literacy:  To evaluate traditional political assumptions and criticisms of those assumptions.
  13. Values Literacy:  To evaluate mainstream moral values and criticisms of those values.
Class Assessment:
*Two in-class examinations. *Class attendance *A research project of five (5) pages involving a logical evaluation of material approved in advance by the instructor. *A presentation in class based on the above research. *Regular class discussion based on the reading assignments. Research Paper:   *Topic:  Examination and logical evaluation of a topic, which involves assumptions, a positiion, values and support. *Length:  5 pages *Content:  The paper should present the discussion of an author, text, speech, media presentations, advertising campaign, textbook, editorializing an idea which contains logical fallacies, not just something with which the student agrees.  The student evaluation should isolate the fallacies, identify them by categories discussed in class, our text, or another logic text. *Research Requirements:  The paper should cite several books (in addition to the text) and articles.  Internet materials may be used in addition to the books and articles.  Internet materials must provide book site and author.  Anonymous material is not acceptable.  The bibliography may refer to either the material being evaluated or the logical tools being evaluated, or the logical tools being used for the evaluation.

Grades will be based on the accumulation of points.  Each of the two examinations containing short answer questions and an essay will be worth 100 points.  Each examination will cover the material on one-half of the course.  Class attendance and participation will be worth 25 points.  The research paper and oral presentation will be worth 75 points for a total of 300 points.   A = 270-300 points B = 240-269 points C = 210-239 points D = 180-29 points F = 179 or below

Late Submission of Course Materials:
Late assignments will receive a reduced grade.

Classroom Rules of Conduct:
Assignments are due the date listed on the syllabus.  Students should contact the instructor in advance if unable to attend class. Pagers and/or cell phones:  Pagers and cell phones are banned during the class period.

Course Topic/Dates/Assignments:





Week -


Informal Logic - Part I
Reading:  None
Lecture:  Philosophy, Deduction, Induction
Video:  Logic and Business

Discuss requirements and syllabus

Week -


Information Logic - Part II
Reading:  Kahane, Chapters 3&4
Lecture:  Language, Fallacies & Critical Thinking
Video:  Logic & Law

Research topics investigation

Week -


Formal Logic - Part I
Reading:  Kahane, Chapter 10
Lecture:  Critical Thinking
Video:  Logic & Law

Student research topics due

Week -


Formal Logic - Part II
Reading:  Kahane,
Chapter 11
Lecture:  Syllogistic Logic
Video:  None

Student prospectus and research bibliography due

Week -


Formal Logic - Part III
Reading:  Kahane, Chapter 6
Lecture:  Syllogistic Logic
Video:  Logic and Political Science

Student reports

Week -


Symbolic Logic
Reading:  Kahane, Chapter 7
Lecture:  Symbolic Logic
Video:  Logic and Religion

Student reports

Week -


Spplied Logic
Reading:  Kahane, Chapter 9
Lecture:  Symbolic Logic
Video:  Logic and Science

Student reports:  prepare evaluations of class

Week -


Living Logically
Reading:  None
Lecture:  Thinking Critically
Video:  None

Research papers due

Academic Honesty:
Academic integrity is the foundation of the academic community. Because each student has the primary responsibility for being academically honest, students are advised to read and understand all sections of this policy relating to standards of conduct and academic life.   Park University 2006-2007 Undergraduate Catalog Page 87-89

Plagiarism involves the use of quotations without quotation marks, the use of quotations without indication of the source, the use of another's idea without acknowledging the source, the submission of a paper, laboratory report, project, or class assignment (any portion of such) prepared by another person, or incorrect paraphrasing. Park University 2006-2007 Undergraduate Catalog Page 87

Attendance Policy:
Instructors are required to maintain attendance records and to report absences via the online attendance reporting system.

  1. The instructor may excuse absences for valid reasons, but missed work must be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  2. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties.
  3. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a semester/term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of "W".
  4. A "Contract for Incomplete" will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course.
  5. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance or Veterans Administration educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the semester/term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student.
  6. Report of a "F" grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for those students who are receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned in item 5 above will be reported to the appropriate agency.

Park University 2006-2007 Undergraduate Catalog Page 89-90

Disability Guidelines:
Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University's policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities. In the case of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University's policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page: .

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Last Updated:3/4/2007 11:15:08 AM