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SO 302 The Study of the Family
McDonnell, Lisa


Mission Statement: The mission of Park University, an entrepreneurial institution of learning, is to provide access to academic excellence, which will prepare learners to think critically, communicate effectively and engage in lifelong learning while serving a global community.

Vision Statement: Park University will be a renowned international leader in providing innovative educational opportunities for learners within the global society.

Course

SO 302 The Study of the Family

Semester

U1T 2006 DLC

Faculty

McDonnell, Lisa

Title

Professor/Adjunct

Degrees/Certificates

JD                   ABD for PhD
MA
BA

Office Location

on-line

Office Hours

on-line

Daytime Phone

520-574-2755

E-Mail

Lisa.McDonnell@pirate.park.edu

Semester Dates

Summer 2006

Class Days

on-line

Class Time

on-line

Credit Hours

3


Textbook:
Skolnick, A. S., & Skolnick, J. H. (2005). Family in Transition (13th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon. ISBN: 0-205-41823-6

Textbooks can be purchased though the MBS bookstore

Textbooks can be purchased though the Parkville Bookstore


Course Description:
A study of the family as a social institution and a social group in terms of  cross-cultural, historical, and contemporary perspectives.  Current  controversies concerning male-female roles, sexual morality, reproduction  and other issues are considered.  3:0:3

Educational Philosophy:
My philosophy for on-line teaching includes emphasis on presentation, interaction and evaluation.  The delivery of instruction for this course includes colorful visual materials,   personal lectures and supplemental outside sources/references. This variety is used to support different learning styles.   Interaction will include both asynchronous and some synchronous techniques to help build an on-line community.  These include utilizing an announcement page, weekly discussion threads, an on-line lounge, e-mails and whiteboard for chats.  These combined techniques will help develop deep levels of interaction.  Evaluation will include both formative and summative forms.  Formative assessment will include feedback on assignments such as discussion questions and homework.  Summative assessment will focus on the evaluation of papers and the final exam.

Learning Outcomes:
  Core Learning Outcomes

  1. Analyze and evaluate forms of family as an institution and a social group, as well as marriage and child rearing, as they vary among times, places, and cultures.
  2. Explain and critique major social and cultural differences in love and expectations for marriage and family life.
  3. Understand and assess the roles and structure of the traditional family and contrast those with alternative types of family, such as singlehood, child free couples, single parents, same sex domestic partners, blended families, and so forth; and analyze the causes and consequences of this variety for individuals and for societies.
  4. Know the biological, mental, and social aspects of mate selection, reproduction, contraception, and other family planning issues, and explain the consequences of these decisions.
  5. Describe and evaluate patterns of acquaintance, intimacy, communication, and the division of labor within domestic units.
  6. Describe and evaluate the causes and consequences for family dissolution through divorce or death.
  7. Describe and evaluate the causes and consequences of stress, crisis, violence, abuse, infidelity, money, illness, and other challenges for domestic partners and their children.
  8. Explain how the family fits into the contexts of individual lives and societies, and assess how productive balance might be achieved.
  9. Examine current controversies and trends concerning gender roles, sexual morality, reproduction, child rearing, divorce, and aging in the changing family context; and extrapolate those trends into the near future.


Core Assessment:

 Core Assessment Assignment

 

Research Paper

 

Drawing upon information gained from your research, the text and course discussions, analyze the changing structure and functioning of the family with regard to the following issues: the importance of marriage; gender roles; the place of children in the family; sexuality and the bearing of children; single parent families; the employment of parents with children; differences between African American or Asian American families and white families; and the acceptance of gay and lesbian families.

 

Additional questions to address:

 

  • What was the idealized family structure of the 1950's?  How does the ideal of the 1950's compare to the family of today?  Are the value judgments made about the structure and functioning of today's family in comparison to the 1950's ideal fair or unfair?
  • What will the family look like in 2026?  What will the family mean to its members and to American society 20 years from today?

 

Research Paper Format

 

  • Paper must be eight to ten pages in length (2,000 to 2,500 words).
  • At least five sources must be used to write the paper, not including the text and class notes.
  • American Psychological Association (APA) format must be used in preparing the paper.
  • Sources are to be properly cited following APA Style and included in a list of references at the end of the paper.
  • Complete the paper as a Word document and place it in the proper folder in the Electronic Dropbox.
  • Number all pages, including the first page, at the bottom, center.
  • Be sure to proofread the paper and run spell check and grammar check.
  • Assignment is due at the end of Week 7.
  • 50 points possible.
  • Assignment counts for 25% of the total points for the course.

Link to Class Rubric

Class Assessment:
Writing Assignments

1.      Definitions of the Family - During the first and last weeks of the class (Weeks 1 and 8), you are to compose a definition of the family that best reflects your understanding of the family today.  Composing the definitions at the beginning and the end of the class is a method of assessing learning and will enable you to determine if your understanding of family changes as a result of participation in the course.

2.      Reaction Papers – The Reaction Papers are to be one-page reactions to a topic introduced by the instructor or to some aspect of one of the assigned readings for the week. In preparing the papers, you may chose to comment on what you believe is an important point made in the reading or by the instructor, agree or disagree with a statement or conclusion of the author or offer a related personal observation based on your own experience. Students will be asked to post the Reaction Papers in the discussion threads for discussion with their classmates.

3.      Internet Assignment #1 – For Internet Assignment #1, you are to prepare an annotated list of five Internet sites related to the family or an associated social issue. By annotated, I mean a detailed description of the site including: the correct URL, the author or source, a brief description of the purpose of the site (why it was developed), the information contained in the site and the value of the site for students or others in sociology or a related social science field.  Students should use the assignment to explore possible topics for the Research Paper.  You are required to include the following in this assignment.  All writing on this assignment must be in complete sentences.

Annotated Bibliography Requirements:

1) the correct URL  2) the correct author and/or source 3) a brief description of the scope and type of information contained in the reference 4) the main ideas/thesis of the author 5) the usefulness of the site to students and others in the field of sociology 6) apply a one of the three major theories to the site and tell my how it applies. Simply stating that conflict theory applies does NOT satisfy this requirement. You must justify your choice by referring to the tenants of the paradigms. 7) What is missing from this site? What should have been included?   8)Your sites should reflect a sociological approach and understanding of the issue. Examples of a social issue include abortion, racial profiling, welfare reform, etc. This will be the same issue you choose for your research paper. Use care in picking the 5 sites. Remember, any JOE BLOW can place a web site on the web. You are looking for academic sites not someone's personal opinion. APA must be used in your research paper. Examples on how to review a web site are found in the following: http://lib.nmsu.edu/instruction/evalcrit.html  9) You must evaluate 5 sites. Your annotated bibliography is worth 10% of your grade.

4.      Internet Assignment #2 – For Internet Assignment #2, you will review and offer suggestions for improvement to other student's References. You must check all sites to see if they open and were posted correctly. Interaction will take place in this thread. Your peer review must be a MINIMUM of 250 words. The intent of the assignment is to provide you with the opportunity to collaborate on your learning and utilize suggestions made by your peers to refine your final paper. You must make sure you check to see if your classmate has satisfied all  requirements for the annotated bibliography as listed above. As individuals, we do not live in a vacuum. We must interact and learn to deal with others in any number of situations. Much interaction that unfolds in the workplace requires that we learn to deal with and work in collaboration with others. In the past, I have had students post a peer review that was only a few sentences in length. This type of work will earn a zero.  Beck, S.E. (1997). "Evaluation Criteria." The Good, the Bad, & the Ugly: or, Why It's a Good Idea to Evaluate Web Sources. Retrieved February 26, 2005, from New Mexico State University Library's web site: http://lib.nmsu.edu/instruction/evalcrit.html.

Furthermore, you are to list the web sites in proper American Psychological Association (APA) Style, as if you were citing the web sites as references in a research paper.  Information about using APA Style to cite references may be found on the following web pages:

       http://www.apastyle.org/elecref.html

       http://webster.commnet.edu/apa/apa_index.htm

       http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_apa.html

       http://www.vanguard.edu/faculty/ddegelman/index.cfm?doc_id=796

5.      Research Paper – The Research Paper is to be eight to ten pages in length (2,000 to 2,500 words) and focus on a topic related to the family. The topic needs to be selected and discussed with the instructor by the second week of the class. At least five sources are to be used to write the paper. The sources are to be properly cited using APA Style and included in a list of References at the end of the paper.

Paper requirements:

1. Paper must be 5 pages in length. 2. APA style must be used. (See webliography for more info.) You must have at least 5 references in your reference page sited correctly via APA style. 3. You must proof for spelling and grammar. 4. You must include an outline of your paper including your thesis, major points and theory used. 5. Your paper must address at least 1 major sociological theory in which you apply the theory to your topic. (At least one entire page of your paper must be on theory.) 6. You must utilize a vast amount of sociological terms that we have learned about this semester. The more terms you use in your paper, the better. 7. You must define your sociological issue, and explain why society should care about it. 8. Your paper should reflect knowledge about sociology in general and include a thesis that is clearly stated.  These are worth 2 points each. Your paper is worth a total of 20% of your overall grade. Late papers will not earn higher than a 70%.  Your research paper is Sunday of WEEK 7.

Proctored Final Exam

Park University requires the completion of a significant exam in the presence of an approved proctor by each student who is enrolled in an Internet course. Approved proctors shall include testing center administrators; K-12 teachers, counselors or administrators; certified librarians; U.S. Embassy officials; military test control officers or unit education officers; and accredited college or university faculty members or administrators. Excluded from approval as proctors shall be family members, friends, neighbors, employers, supervisors, coworkers, clergy or other students and adjunct faculty members at colleges or universities. Preferred proctors are staff at Park's campus centers. Students within one hour driving distance of a Park University campus need to request a proctor from that campus.  Guidelines for selecting an acceptable proctor can be found on the Park University Website.

It will be the responsibility of the student to arrange for a proctor who will be accepted and approved by the instructor. For these proctored examinations, photo identification is required. The completed proctor form must be received by the instructor and the proctor approved before the exam may be taken.

The exam will be sent to the proctor with instructions for administration. The exam must be completed in the presence of the proctor during the eighth week of the term and returned by the proctor to the instructor.  The student may not return the paper to the instructor.

You will have two hours to complete the exam. You may use a computer to take the exam and the proctor may email me the finished product. The exam will be a closed book, closed note exam consisting of multiple choice and short essay questions. Per university policy, failure to take the exam will result in a grade of F for the course.

Grading Rubrics
1.   Definitions of the Family #1 and 2
• Due Weeks 1 and 8
• Points assigned based on whether or not the assignment is completed and submitted by the due date as well as the content therein.  (1.5 points)
• Proper spelling, sentence structure and grammar (1point)
• 1.25 points possible for each assignment.
2.   Class Participation      
Class Participation Grading Rubric     Points      

Provide valuable and thoughtful feedback to your classmates.        .25
Present original ideas or personal examples that apply to the concepts being discussed.        1
Total        1.25
3.   Reaction Papers #1, 2, 3 and 4
• Due Weeks 1, 3, 5 and 6
• Points assigned based on whether or not the assignment is completed and submitted by the due date.
• Thoughtful reactions based on the questions asked, evidence of reading the assigned material (7 points)
• Proper spelling, sentence structure and grammar (3 points)
4.   Internet Assignment #1
• Due Week 3
• Points assigned based on the following criteria:
• 1) the correct URL   (1 point)
• 2) the correct author and/or source  (1 point)
• 3) a brief description of the scope and type of information contained in the reference   (1 point)
• 4) the main ideas/thesis of the author   (1 point)
• 5) the usefulness of the site to students and others in the field of sociology (1 point)
• 6) apply a one of the three major theories to the site and tell my how it applies. Simply stating that conflict theory applies does NOT satisfy this requirement. You must justify your choice by referring to the tenants of the paradigms. (2 points)
• 7) What is missing from this site? What should have been included? (1 point)
• 8) How is this topic related to sociology?  (1 point)
• 9) You must evaluate 5 sites. (1 point)
• This is a total of 10 points.  Your annotated bibliography is worth 10% of your grade.

5.   Internet Assignment #2
• Due Week 4
• Points assigned based on the following criteria:
• You have checked each site and made sure your peer has complied with the 9 requirements set forth for the annotated bibliography. (6 points)
• You have met the 250 word requirement for writing up your peer review. (4 points).
• Total of 10 points. This peer review is worth 10% of your grade.
6.   Research Paper
• Due Week 7
Points assigned based on the following criteria:
• 1. Paper must be 5 pages in length. (2 points)
• 2. APA style must be used. (See webliography for more info.) You must have at least 5 references in your reference page sited correctly via APA style. (2 points)
• 3. You must proof for spelling and grammar. (2 points)
4. You must include an outline of your paper including your thesis, major points and theory used. (2 points)
5. Your paper must address at least 1 major sociological theory in which you apply the theory to your topic. (At least one entire page of your paper must be on theory.)  (2 points)
6. You must utilize a vast amount of sociological terms that we have learned about this semester. The more terms you use in your paper, the better. (2 points)
7. You must define your sociological issue, and explain why society should care about it. (2 points)
8. Your paper should reflect knowledge about sociology in general and include a thesis that is clearly stated.  (2 points)
These are worth 2 points each. Your paper is worth a total of 20% of your overall grade.  Your research paper is Sunday of WEEK 7.
7.   Proctored Final Exam
• To be taken Week 8 (You MUST submit a proctor form by week 6)
• Points assigned based on the following criteria:
o 40 multiple-choice questions
o 2-3 short essay questions
• The exam is worth 25% of your grade. A final exam review will be provided during week 7.


Grading:
Grades for the assignments of the course will be determined as follows:
Assignment                              Percentage        
Definition of the Family #1             2.5%                  
Definition of the Family #2             2.5%                  
Class Participation                      10%                  
Reaction Paper #1                         5%                  
Reaction Paper #2                         5%                  
Reaction Paper #3                         5%                  
Reaction Paper #4                         5%                  
Internet Assignment #1                  10%                  
Internet Assignment #2                 10%                
Research Paper                           20%                
Proctored Exam                           25%                
Total                                          100%              
* 1.25 points possible per week.
It should be understood that class participation is a separate category and is not associated with the submission of Reaction Papers or completion of other writing assignments.  1.25 points may be earned per week. To earn the weekly participation points, responses must be posted by the end of the class week (midnight Sunday).  See the Grading Rubrics for information on the criteria employed to award the points.  If you do not participate during the week assigned, there is NO WAY to make up participation points.
Grading Scale
Grade           Percentage                
A                  100 – 90%                
B                    89 – 80%                
C                    79 – 70%                
D                    69 – 60%                
F                     59% and below      

Late Submission of Course Materials:
Submission of Late Work
With regard to the writing assignments, the syllabus specifies when they are due and I would like them to be submitted in the thread provided. Don't wait until the last minute to submit the assignments and then expect an extension due to computer problems. As the syllabus indicates, they are due at midnight Sunday of the week in which they are assigned. Yes, I will accept assignments if they are late, but your score on the assignment will earn no higher than a 70%.  NO LATE WORK will be accepted after WEEK 8.

Classroom Rules of Conduct:
The "classroom" for this course are the Weekly Discussion groups. You are expected to conduct your discussions in a professional and courteous manner. Thoughtful debate is encouraged and expected. NO PERSONAL attacks will be tolerated and racist, sexist, and/or foul language is unacceptable.

Course Topic/Dates/Assignments:
WEEK 1
Unit Overview: The Family in Transition and The Changing Family
Learning Outcomes Addressed:
-Compose a definition of the family that reflects his or her understanding of the family today.
-Explain why the authors chose the term Family In Transition as the title for the text.
-Compare the current status of the family with the status of the family during the idealized "Golden Age" of the 1950s.
Weekly Activities and Due Dates:  
Readings: Introduction and Readings 3, 4, 5 and 7, dealing with The Family in Transition and The Changing Family.
Assignments
1. Definition of Family due by Sunday midnight
2. Reaction Paper 1 due by Sunday midnight
3. Discussion (Choose one of the three topics to post your discussion on. You must respond to at least one classmate to earn participation points. Due by Sunday midnight.
4. Start thinking about your research paper topic that is due in WEEK 2.

WEEK 2
Unit Overview:
Discussion Topics –
            Theoretical Interpretations of the Family
            Changing Gender Roles
            Sexuality and Societ
Learning Outcomes Addressed:
Through the learning activities of Week 2, the student will:
            Assess how the sexual and gender revolutions experienced by American society have challenged traditional gender roles and conceptions of marriage.
            Examine the historical development of the "cult of domesticity" and how the division of household labor reveals the relative power of members of the marital relationship.
Weekly Activities and Due Dates:
Reading Assignment –
            Skolnick & Skolnick 13th edition
            Readings 8-13
Writing Assignment -
              Discussion Questions
Activities -
                Tour the Simon Fraser University Library for information on  conducting on-line research.
                Paper topics are due this week.

WEEK 3
Unit Overview:
Week 3: Courtship and Marriage, Divorce and Remarriage
Learning Outcomes Addressed:
Through the learning activities of Week 3, the student will:
Propose a meaningful answer to the question; are we losing confidence in marriage?
Compare and contrast the major tenets of divorce culture and marriage culture.
Weekly Activities and Due Dates:  
Reading Assignment –
            Skolnick & Skolnick: Readings 16, 17, 18 and 20
Activities -
1) Read Susan Beck's "Evaluation Criteria: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly: or, Why it's a Good Idea to Evaluate Web Sources.
2) Annotated Bibliography due this week
3) Weekly Discussion
4) Reaction Paper 2 due this week

WEEK  4

Unit Overview:
Week 4: Parents, Children and Childhood
Learning Outcomes Addressed:
Learning Objectives -
Through the learning activities of Week 4, the student will:
             Identify the major approach to childcare that he or she employs with his or her own children.
             Summarize the findings of research on what children think about their working parents.
Weekly Activities and Due Dates:
Discussion Topics –
            Why the Family is Formed
            Parents and Children
            Childhood
             Reading Assignment –
            Skolnick & Skolnick:
            Readings 21-27
Writing Assignments  due this week–
             Discussion Questions
             Peer Review  
       
WEEK 5
Unit Overview:
Week 5: Work and Family
Learning Outcomes Addressed:
Learning Objectives -
Through the learning activities of Week 5, the student will:
             Evaluate the accuracy of the statement, "when the economy falters, families tremble."
             Define the term and assess how working couples with children deal with the demands of the "second shift."
Weekly Activities and Due Dates:  
Discussion Topics –
             Families in Society
             Work and the Family
Reading Assignment -
                            Skolnick & Skolnick:
             Readings 28-31

 Writing Assignment -
              Reaction Paper 3 due this week
              Discussion Questions due this week
              Work on Research Papers  (due week 7)

WEEK 6
Unit Overview:
Week 6: Dimensions of Diversity
Learning Outcomes Addressed
Learning Objectives -
Through the learning activities of Week 6, the student will:
            Summarize the significant characteristics of African American families that distinguish them from white families or other minority families.
            Predict the outcome of the efforts of gay and lesbian parents to reinvent the family as a pluralistic phenomenon.
Weekly Activities and Due Dates:  
Discussion Topics –
            African American Families
            Latino Families
            Gay and Lesbian Families
            Interpretations of the "Normal American Family"
Reading Assignment –
             Skolnick & Skolnick: Readings 32-35
Writing Assignment –
Discussion Questions due this week
Reaction Paper 4 due this week
Work on research papers (Due week 7)

WEEK 7
Unit Overview:
Week 7: Trouble in the Family: Part One
Learning Outcomes Addressed:
Learning Objectives -
Through the learning activities of Week 7, the student will:
Describe why poor adults marry and remarry less..
Describe why teenage pregnancy exists...
Weekly Activities and Due Dates:
<>Discussion Topics –
            A few good men...
            Teenage pregnancy
Reading Assignments –
            Skolnick & Skolnick: Reading 36 and 37
Writing Assignment –
                Discussion Questions due this week
                Research Paper due this week (20% of your grade)

WEEK 8
Unit Overview:  Research on Domestic Violence
Learning Outcomes Addressed:  
Appraise the myths that sociologists state are associated with the battering of women.
Weekly Activities and Due Dates:  
Reading: 38
Writing: Definition of Family #2 due this week
           Discussion due this week
           Proctored Final Exam due by Sunday Week 8.


Academic Honesty:
Academic integrity is the foundation of the academic community. Because each student has the primary responsibility for being academically honest, students are advised to read and understand all sections of this policy relating to standards of conduct and academic life.   Park University 2005-2006 Undergraduate Catalog Page 85-87

Plagiarism:
Plagiarism involves the use of quotations without quotation marks, the use of quotations without indication of the source, the use of another's idea without acknowledging the source, the submission of a paper, laboratory report, project, or class assignment (any portion of such) prepared by another person, or incorrect paraphrasing. Park University 2005-2006 Undergraduate Catalog Page 85-87

Attendance Policy:
Instructors are required to maintain attendance records and to report absences via the online attendance reporting system.

  1. The instructor may excuse absences for valid reasons, but missed work must be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  2. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties.
  3. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a semester/term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of "WH".
  4. A "Contract for Incomplete" will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course.
  5. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance or Veterans Administration educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the semester/term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student.
  6. Report of a "F" grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for those students who are receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned in item 5 above will be reported to the appropriate agency.
ONLINE NOTE: An attendance report of "P" (present) will be recorded for students who have logged in to the Online classroom at least once during each week of the term. Recording of attendance is not equivalent to participation. Participation grades will be assigned by each instructor according to the criteria in the Grading Policy section of the syllabus.

Park University 2005-2006 Undergraduate Catalog Page 89

Disability Guidelines:
Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University's policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities. In the case of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University's policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page: http://www.park.edu/disability .



Rubric

CompetencyExceeds Expectation (3)Meets Expectation (2)Does Not Meet Expectation (1)No Evidence (0)
Synthesis                                                                                                                                              
Outcomes
                                                  
Uses 6 or more sources Uses 5 sources Uses fewer than 5 sources Uses no sources 
Analysis                                                                                                                                               
Outcomes
1, 2                                               
Analyzes the changing structure and functioning of the family in terms of 10 or more of the issues identified in the assignment. Analyzes the changing structure and functioning of the family in terms of 9 of the 10 issues identified in the assignment. Analyzes the changing structure and function of the family in terms of less than 9 of the issues identified in the assignment. Does not analyze the changing structure and function of the family in terms of the issues identified in the assignment. 
Evaluation                                                                                                                                             
Outcomes
1, 2                                               
Displays unique insights and presents superlative ideas in assessing the influence of the idealized family structure of the 1950's on the concept of the family today and critiquing the value judgments placed upon the family's structure and functioning. Displays some insights and presents sound ideas in assessing the influence of the idealized family structure of the 1950's on the concept of the family today and critiquing the value judgments placed upon the family's structure and functioning. Displays limited insights and presents few ideas in assessing the influence of the idealized family structure of the 1950's on the concept of the family today and critiquing the value judgments placed upon the family's structure and functioning. Does not assess the influence of the idealized family structure of the 1950's on the concept of the family today or critique the value judgments placed upon the family's structure and functioning. 
Terminology                                                                                                                                            
Outcomes
1, 2                                               
Demonstrates superior knowledge of terminology.  No factual errors. Accurately uses most terminology.  1 factual error. Accurately uses some terminology.  2 or 3 factual errors. Does not accurately use terminology.  More than 3 factual errors. 
Concepts                                                                                                                                               
Outcomes
1, 2                                               
Demonstrates mastery in analyzing 10 or more of the issues identified in the assignment. Demonstrates mastery in analyzing 9 of the 10 issues identified in the assignment. Demonstrates limited mastery in analyzing 8 or less of the issues identified in the assignment. Demonstrates no mastery by analyzing none of the issues identified in the assignment. 
Application                                                                                                                                            
Outcomes
1, 2                                               
Effectively incorporates (rather than merely mentions or borrows too heavily from) 6 or more sources to support the analysis of the issues. Effectively incorporates (rather than merely mentions or borrows too heavily from) 5 sources to support the analysis of the issues. Incorporates in a limited fashion (rather than merely mentions or borrows too heavily from) 4 or less sources to support the analysis of the issues. Incorporates no sources to support the analysis of the issues. 

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Last Updated:5/23/2006 12:41:17 AM