CJ233 Introduction to Security

for FA 2007

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Mission Statement: The mission of Park University, an entrepreneurial institution of learning, is to provide access to academic excellence, which will prepare learners to think critically, communicate effectively and engage in lifelong learning while serving a global community.

Vision Statement: Park University will be a renowned international leader in providing innovative educational opportunities for learners within the global society.


CJ 233 Introduction to Security


FA 2007 HO


Dr. Kenneth Christopher, D.P.A.


Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice


Doctor of Public Administration (Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, 1999)
Master of Public Administration (Florida International University, Miami, FL, 1983)
Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice (University of Dayton, Dayton, OH, 1976)

Office Location

Library - MA 319E

Office Hours

Monday (1pm-5pm), Thursday (9am-11am)

Daytime Phone

Office: 816-584-6597

Other Phone

Cell: 816-809-6494




Web Page


Semester Dates

August 20 - December 16, 2007

Class Days


Class Time

10:00 AM - 10:50 AM

Credit Hours


Fischer, Robert J. & Gion Green. (2004). Introduction to Security. 7th Ed. Elsevier Buterworth-Heinemann. ISBN: 139780750676007.


Textbooks can be purchased through the Parkville Bookstore

Additional Resources:

The instructor will be using eCompanion during the term for instructor-student communications, distributing handouts and supplemental readings, document sharing, recording grades, accepting and returning assignments, posting PowerPoint slides, webliography, etc. Students can access the course website using their student ID and OPEN password via:


From time to time, the instructor will refer students to supplemental required readings, audiovisuals, case studies, articles, computer resources, etc. which will be posted on eCompanion and/or provided as supplemental handouts in class. It is the student's responsibility to have reliable access to eCompanion and maintain currency on all assigned material.

McAfee Memorial Library - Online information, links, electronic databases and the Online catalog. Contact the library for further assistance via email or at 800-270-4347.
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Park Helpdesk - If you have forgotten your OPEN ID or Password, or need assistance with your PirateMail account, please email helpdesk@park.edu or call 800-927-3024
Resources for Current Students - A great place to look for all kinds of information http://www.park.edu/Current/.

Course Description:
This course covers the basic principles of security and loss prevention that are common and fundamental to all areas of protection of personal property from historical and modern day points of view. Topics of discussion will include: the security industry, the threat environment, risk analysis, fundamentals of physical security, safety, and accident prevention, and common security problems. 3:0:3

Educational Philosophy:

The instructor's overarching approach to education is to emphasize the broadening of intellect as a strategy for developing problem solving and critical thinking skills.  It is essential to integrate the knowledge, skills, and abilities developed in the classroom into the active lives of students, both as individuals and as members of social groups.  It is not the facts we learn, but how we use them that provides us with the tools needed to better the human condition.

The instructor will use lectures, class discussions, group activities, handouts, supplementary readings, audio-visual aids, examinations, case studies, and other methods to facilitate learning.  Student performance expectations:


  1. The instructor assumes the student has read and understands the syllabus and expects students to ask questions if any aspect of the course requirements is unclear.
  2. Students are expected to demonstrate that they are meeting the course objectives by attending class; actively participating in class discussions, activities, and exercises; timely submitting all written assignments; delivering required oral presentations; and sitting for any scheduled examinations.
  3. Students are assigned readings from the required text(s) and/or supplemental text materials in advance of each class meeting and are expected to be prepared for class.
  4. Students are expected to ask questions if they do not understand something.
  5. The instructor encourages a mutual learning environment, where students can freely raise questions in the search for understanding.
  6. Students are expected to listen to each other, ask questions, raise concerns, and provide the respect that each individual deserves.
  7. Students are encouraged to bring any items to class which they feel will add substantially to the learning environment.

Learning Outcomes:
  Core Learning Outcomes

  1. Show an understanding of the history of security, crime prevention and early law enforcement.
  2. Demonstrate an understanding of the American Disabilities Act 1990and Civil Rights Act of 1991.
  3. Evaluate the purpose of risk assessment.
  4. Illustrate security's role in fire prevention and safety, crime and threats to the environment, and crime prevention.
  5. Explain the legal aspects of private security.

  Instructor Learning Outcomes
  1. Articulate issues bearing on the expanding role of non-governmental security processes in society.
  2. Develop and/or apply security and crime prevention strategies for problem-solving in real-life situations.
Core Assessment:

·        Class participation, quizzes & exams


·        Class participation, quizzes & exams


·        Papers, presentations, group &/or individual activities with written assignments (see CJ205)


Class Assessment:

Examinations: There will be two (2) examinations.  Each exam is equally weighted and will cover a defined portion of the course material presented and/or distributed, and the required textbook/supplemental readings.  Exams may be closed or open book/notes. Exam questions may be any combination of short answer, multiple choice, true/false, matching, and/or essay type.

Weekly Assignments/Quizzes: Each week, students will be assigned individual or group activities in the form of in-class or homework assignments, discussions, and/or quizzes.  Students who are not present in class to engage in course activities remain responsible for any assignments, supplemental material, and information given in class.

Class Participation: Class Participation is graded and consists of regular class attendance and active engagement in course activities.  Class participation is accomplished by coming to class, prepared to work, and being actively involved in the class activities. The Class participation grade is based on student attendance which will be recorded.  All UNEXCUSED absences, and EXCUSED absences in excess of two (2), will result in a pro-rated deduction of points from the class participation grade. 

Brazil Service Learning Program OR Security/Crime Prevention Design Project:

1) Brazil Service Learning Program (Attachment A): Students registered for CJ 233 for the Fall 2007 term have the opportunity to travel and participate in Park University’s Brazil Service-Learning Program during the Fall break (October 11-22, 2007). Participation will expose students to concepts, issues, and modeled application strategies for individual and community safety, crime and violence prevention, risk and threat assessment and management, and integrating community resources for enhanced safety and security. By working within an organized community service structure, students will help community members to reflect upon and improve their safety and security skills.  At the same time, students will have a learning experience that enables them to identify and assess community security needs and gain understanding of the course content, a broader application of the security discipline, and an appreciation of civic responsibility. Additional details and information will be provided during the first week of class.


2) Security/Crime Prevention Design Project: In lieu of the Brazil Service-Learning Program, students will design a crime prevention project. This is an applied security research project focusing on individuals in their communities. Students will design and report on a project which applies crime prevention and threat mitigation strategies in a practical community environment. Using a real organized community service structure, students will focus on non-governmental security's role in crime and threats to the environment, crime prevention, and fire prevention and safety.  Students will: 

    • Identify a potential community/target environment.
    • Research potential and actual security/crime problem sets.
    • Design and develop security strategies for crime prevention programming in the target environment.
    • Advocate community-based education and services geared towards mitigating and reducing incidences of violence and crime.

      Additional details and information will be provided during the first week of class.

Core Assessment Essay: All students will complete a consolidated essay which examines the following seven basic topical issues relating to the study of Security:

  1. What events in medieval England brought about the creation and use of private night watches and patrols?
  2. What are the steps involved in a good risk-management program?
  3. What should be the role of security in preventing crime?
  4. What should be the role of security in preventing fire?
  5. Why is a practical knowledge of the law important to the security officer and the security manager?
  6. What is the Occupational Safety and Health Act and what effect has it had on organizational safety operations?
  7. How has federal labor legislation such as the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Civil Rights Act of 1990 impacted the security industry?

The essay will provide complete and equitable treatment of all seven topical areas, but the issues and researched material should be integrated to provide a consolidated examination of the fundamental principles of security and loss prevention. The essay should contain the following technical components:

  1. A cover or title page.
  2. A body of text, 6-8 typed, double-spaced pages (1,500 to 2,000 words) in length.
  3. A reference page containing a minimum of 8 course-external resources.
  4. Written in APA or other acceptable formal research writing style (e.g., MLA, Chicago, etc.).


Examinations (2)                                                                   40% (400 points)

Weekly Assignments/Quizzes (15)                                     15% (150 points)

Class Participation                                                                 5% (50 points)

Security/Crime Prevention Design Project

--OR Brazil Service Learning Program                                   20% (200 points)

Core Assessment Essay                                                        20% (200 points)


Total                                                                                 100% (1,000 points)

A 900-1,000 points

B 800-899 points 

C 700-799 points

D 600-699 points

F (Failure) 599 points or less  

Late Submission of Course Materials:


  • Late submissions will be downgraded by one whole letter grade (e.g., A to B, B to C, etc.) for each CALENDAR DAY that the assignment is late.
  • Course assignments (weekly assignments, projects, essays, and related oral presentations) not submitted within THREE (3) CALENDAR DAYS OF THE DUE DATE WILL BE GRADED AS AN "F" (zero points). No assignment will be accepted for grading if MORE THAN 3 DAYS LATE. No assignment will be accepted, reviewed, or graded AFTER December 7, 2007.
  • There are NO MAKEUPS for missed quizzes.
  • MAKEUP POLICY - EXAMINATIONS ONLY:  Students who fail to complete scheduled examinations will receive a grade of 0 (F) for the assessment item. Students involved in a University-sanctioned event (e.g., sports competition) or experiencing some type of EMERGENCY (e.g., personal illness, car accident, family issue, etc.), which will impact their ability to complete a major examination must personally contact the instructor as soon as possible BEFORE the scheduled examination.  Makeups for major examinations MAY be offered on a case-by-case basis, subject to written documentation from the student substantiating the University activity (e.g., team schedule and correspondence from coach) or EMERGENCY (e.g., medical note, police report, etc.) and advance notice from the student. THE INSTRUCTOR HAS NO OBLIGATION TO OFFER A MAKEUP EXAM. 

Classroom Rules of Conduct:

PLEASE disable (turn off, leave in car, silent mode, etc.) all beepers, cell phones, wireless communication devices, electronics, etc. while in class. 

If a cell phone must be used during class, please show respect by doing so outside the classroom.

The use of laptop personal computers to take notes or conduct course-related research is permitted during class, except during exams and quizzes, as long as it is not a distraction to the instructor or to other students.  Please note that the use of e-mail, interactive chat rooms, instant messaging, “web-surfing,” listening to music, watching videos, and other non-course-related activities is considered a distraction and is not permitted during class sessions.

While class is in session, students may NOT use headphones or ear buds connected to any electronic device (e.g., cell phones, I-Pods, computers, data devices, etc.).

PLEASE show each other the same respect you would want by actively listening to others and maintaining civility in the discourse.

REMEMBER that we are all different and that we grow and develop positively by practicing acceptance, tolerance, and understanding of each other's opinions, customs, and ideas.

Course Topic/Dates/Assignments:

Week 1 – August 20, 22, and 24

  • Course Introductions
  • Course Syllabus
  • Homeland Security-Changing Emphasis on Security
  • Assigned Readings:

---Course Syllabus

---Chapter 1, pp. 1-20, Fischer & Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz

Week 2 – August 27, 29, and 31

  • Origins and Development of Security
  • Defining Security’s Role
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapters 2 and 3, pp. 21-54, Fischer & Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz

Week 3 – September 5 and 7

  • The Proprietary Security Organization
  • Assigned Reading

---Chapters 4, pp. 55-74, Fischer & Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz

Week 4 – September 10, 12, and 14

  • Career Opportunities in Loss Prevention
  • Security Education, Training, Certification, and Regulation
  • Assigned Readings:

---Chapters 5 and 6, pp. 75-100, Fischer & Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz

Week 5 – September 17, 19, and 21

  • Security and the Law
  • Risk Analysis and the Security Survey
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapters 7 and 8, pp. 101-146, Fischer & Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz
  • Security/Crime Prevention Design Project OR Brazil Service Learning Program DIAGNOSTIC OUTLINE (Attachment B to Syllabus) due September 17

Week 6 – September 24, 26, and 28

  • The Outer Defenses: Building and Perimeter Protection
  • Interior and Exterior Security Concerns
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapters 9 and 10, pp. 147-192, Fischer & Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz

Week 7 – October 1, 3, and 5

  • Inner Defense: Intrusion and Access Control
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapter 11, pp. 193-214, Fischer & Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz

Week 8 – October 8, 10, and 12

  • Fire Protection, Safety, and Emergency Planning
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapter 12, pp. 215-240, Fischer & Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz
  • Midterm Exam: Friday, Oct 12


Week 9 – October 22, 24, and 26

  • Insurance
  • Internal Theft Controls
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapters 13 and 14, pp. 241-272, Fischer & Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz

Week 10 – October 29, 31, and November 2

  • Personnel Policies for Internal Security
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapter 10, pp. 273-294, Fischer and Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz
  • Security/Crime Prevention Design Project OR Brazil Service Learning Program - FINAL Reports (Written and Oral) due October 29

Week 11 – November 5, 7, and 9

  • Transportation/Cargo Security
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapter 16, pp. 295-318, Fischer and Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz

Week 12 – November 14 and 16

  • Workplace: Violence and Drugs
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapters 17 and 18, pp. 318-344, Fischer and Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz

Week 13 – November 19 and 21

  • Retail Security
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapter 19, pp. 345-368, Fischer and Green


Week 14 – November 26, 28, and 30

  • Terrorism
  • Computer and Information Security
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapters 20 and 21, pp. 369-426, Fischer and Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz
  • Core Assessment Essay Due November 26

Week 15 –December 3, 5, and 7

  • Specific Security Threats
  • Future of Security
  • Assigned Readings

---Chapters 22 and 23, pp. 427-452, Fischer and Green

  • Weekly Assignment or Quiz

Week 16 – December 12

  • Final Examination – Wednesday, December 12, 10:15 a.m. – 12:15 p.m.

Academic Honesty:
Academic integrity is the foundation of the academic community. Because each student has the primary responsibility for being academically honest, students are advised to read and understand all sections of this policy relating to standards of conduct and academic life.   Park University 2007-2008 Undergraduate Catalog Page 85-86

Plagiarism involves the use of quotations without quotation marks, the use of quotations without indication of the source, the use of another's idea without acknowledging the source, the submission of a paper, laboratory report, project, or class assignment (any portion of such) prepared by another person, or incorrect paraphrasing. Park University 2007-2008 Undergraduate Catalog Page 85
Instructor's General Instructions on Written Assignments:  All written submissions must be error free, spell-checked, grammatically correct, and reflective of undergraduate-level academic work.  All students are expected to be familiar with the university's policies on Academic Honesty and Plagiarism.  Evidence of academic dishonesty, including plagiarism, fabrication, or cheating, will result in course failure.

All work submitted must be the student's own.  Any assistance received by a student in preparing papers or reports must be fully acknowledged and disclosed in the work submitted.  Students must cite and reference any sources from which data, ideas or words are used, either quoted directly or paraphrased.

Attendance Policy:
Instructors are required to maintain attendance records and to report absences via the online attendance reporting system.

  1. The instructor may excuse absences for valid reasons, but missed work must be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  2. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  3. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties.
  4. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a semester/term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of "F".
  5. A "Contract for Incomplete" will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course.
  6. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance or Veterans Administration educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the semester/term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student.
  7. Report of a "F" grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for those students who are receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned in item 5 above will be reported to the appropriate agency.

Park University 2007-2008 Undergraduate Catalog Page 87-88
Instructor's Attendance Policy: The instructor expects students to attend all classes.  All absences will be recorded as UNEXCUSED unless the student notifies the instructor (e-mail, telephone, personal communication) in advance of class and requests an EXCUSED absence. Students arriving more than 10 minutes after class starts or departing before class ends may have an UNEXCUSED absence recorded.

Disability Guidelines:
Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University's policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities. In the case of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University's policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page: http://www.park.edu/disability .
For special accommodations of any kind, please notify the instructor during the first week of class so that I may assist you.

Attachment A - Brazil Service Learning Program

Attachment B - Project Diagnostic Outline

Attachment B - Project Diagnostic Outline


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Last Updated:7/22/2007 1:59:04 PM