AR150 Drawing I

for SP 2009

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Mission Statement: The mission of Park University, an entrepreneurial institution of learning, is to provide access to academic excellence, which will prepare learners to think critically, communicate effectively and engage in lifelong learning while serving a global community.

Vision Statement: Park University will be a renowned international leader in providing innovative educational opportunities for learners within the global society.


AR 150 Drawing I


SP 2009 HO


Donna Bachmann


Professor of Art, Chair Dept. of Art & Design


B.F.A., M.A., M.F.A.

Office Location

Alumni Hall, Room 31

Office Hours

M & F  1:00-4:00 and by appointment

Daytime Phone

Office phone & voice mail: 816-584-6457

Other Phone

Home phone:816-384-4419


Semester Dates

August 12- May 8, 2009

Class Days


Class Time

9:00-10:50 AM



Credit Hours


There is no textbook for this course.   

Additional Resources:
A variety of handouts will be provided. Other reference materials will be available in the studio.

Please see ArtStor among the library's online data bases.

McAfee Memorial Library - Online information, links, electronic databases and the Online catalog. Contact the library for further assistance via email or at 800-270-4347.
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Course Description:

An introduction to drawing as the artist's first and most basic skill, as a way of seeing and solving problems and as a means of personal expression that anyone can learn. The techniques of drawing in line and value (overall shading) in a variety of media (graphite, charcoal and ink) are covered. Subject matter includes still life, landscape, portraiture, and linear perspective. 1:5:3

The purpose of this course is to develop skills in representational drawing: that is, to be able to look at something, analyze it visually and produce an analogous image of it. In addition to drawing from life (actual objects we will observe directly) we will also explore master drawings, photographs and fantasy as sources for drawings. The semester will conclude with an introduction to abstraction.

This course is required of all art and design majors and is also a Humanities General Education course for all other majors. As a GE course it emphasizes aesthetic literacy and critical literacy. The visual arts, which predate written language by many thousands of years, provide us with an alternative, equally valid, way of knowing, analyzing and responding to the world and our own lives. While the truth remains elusive in most arenas of our lives, it can sometimes be had in a drawing because it is possible to put a line in exactly the right place. But as with all metaphors, the line in a drawing, is ultimately only an abstraction---only a symbol for reality---even in an extremely realistic drawing.

Educational Philosophy:

I believe that it is through intensive studio practice that students learn to see, to develop the learnable skill of drawing and to critically evaluate the results. With effort and instruction anyone can learn to draw. Talent is optional. The ideal environment for studio practice is an energetic, competitive visual milieu that is intellectually as well as physically demanding. Art and design are labor intensive and cumulative. I engage each student in an ongoing discussion about their ideas and their work. Through each project, and through successive semesters, I try to provide the stimulus and support that will help build each individual student's skill, confidence and portfolio.

Learning Outcomes:
  Core Learning Outcomes

  1. Use both contour line and value (overall shading) to produce the illusion of three-dimensionality on the flat surface of the paper.
  2. Practice correct use of the principles of linear perspective
  3. Produce architectural images in both one-point and two-point perspective of both imaginary and observed architectural settings.
  4. Employ traditional sighting tools such as view finders and angle gauges to both analyze subjects and design compositions.
  5. Portray both organic and inorganic subjects.
  6. Demonstrate a basic level of skill in a variety of drawing media and techniques.
  7. Apply the principles of abstraction to produce more dynamic and personal images.
  8. Critique their own drawings and their classmates' in appropriate professional language

Core Assessment:

The Final Drawing Portfolio (30%), a suite of ten (10) specified drawings from the later part of the semester.

Class Assessment:
Student assessment is rooted in the quality of drawings produced (their skill, originality, quantity and craftsmanship) as demonstrated by:

. Attendance and participation.
. Individual drawing projects.
. Formal mid-term and final portfolio evaluations/critiques (one-on-one) that review individual progress.
. Contribution to class critiques.

Project grades: Each assigned drawing project will be critiqued and graded as a group on the assigned date, thus you will be able to see and discuss everyone's work.

About critiques: These are group discussions about a group of drawings. They are a standard part of all professional art education. They are meant to help you see, within the context of everyone's work, where you succeeded and where you can improve further. Your visual and verbal participation is expected. The only way to become fluent in the professional language of art is to begin expressing yourself verbally as well as visually.

The kind of mark we each make is unique and the range of personal styles in drawing is unlimited.
The degree to which any drawing can be improved and refined is unlimited as well.

Critiques at Mid-term and Finals will be cumulative (reviewing all of your preceding projects), individualized and private. Each of you will sign up for a specific time slot. At these two critiques you will be re-submitting the preceding drawings for a cumulative grade. This means that after the initial due date and group critique, you may rework the assignment for a better grade.

Please note that the Final Portfolio (a suite of approximately ten specified drawings from the later half of the semester) will comprise the Core Assessment for this course.

Sketch Books: Each week an outside drawing assignment will be made that will be briefly and informally critiqued a week later in class. Plan to spend about two to three hours each week working on sketch book assignments. Fill several pages with quick sketches as well as more finished drawings. A sketch book can be a kind of visual diary. In addition to the weekly assigned subjects/techniques/exercises, feel free to draw whatever you like in it. Sketch books will be turned in each Monday at the beginning of class for evaluation and will be returned to you on Wednesday. They will be reviewed again at mid-term and finals.

Other work outside of class: Studio art classes in American colleges and universities meet double-time; that is, for 3 credit hours nearly 6 hours of class time are scheduled each week and work outside of class is expected. In addition to your sketch book assignments you will probably need to invest additional time in your current in-class projects. The amount of time you will find it necessary to work on drawings outside of class will vary but it will be directly related to how aggressively and consistently you use your in-class studio time.


Grading Plan:

Attendance/participation:            10%

Sketch book assignments            30

Mid-term portfolio               30

Final portfolio (The Core Assessment)     30



Grade Scale:

100 -  90= A

 89 -   80 = B

 79 -  70 = C

 69 -  60 = D

Below 60 = F


Sample rubric for a drawing assignment:


(A  to   B+)

(B to  C)
(C-   to   D)



Amount of Drawing Time

Late Submission of Course Materials:
Assignments that are not completed and presented for critique on the due dates will be down-graded. 

Late work may be turned in as late as the Mid-term or Final critiques but will lose a full letter grade.

Classroom Rules of Conduct:
Students are expected to arrive on time with the necessary tools and supplies prepared to work.
Late arrivals disrupt the class and demonstrate a lack of respect.  Please turn off cell phones.  

When work is due for critique, it should be clearly signed, neatly presented and pinned to the bulletin board so that the critique can begin promptly. Do not make your classmates wait.

Clean up after yourself. Clear your studio area completely at the end of a working session. Four other large studio classes are being held in this studio this semester. Please respect their work spaces, still lifes, etc.

Do not waste communal materials. Use studio equipment carefully.

No music may be played in the studio during class since we all have different musical tastes.  If you wish to wear earphones during working sessions, be sure your volume is such that you can hear me.

You are encouraged to observe one anothers' work in progress and to discuss that work. The exchange between art students in the studio is a valuable part of this process.

Course Topic/Dates/Assignments:

The semester will be divided into four general areas: 

1. The first quarter of the semester will emphasize the use of line in graphite and ink. Subject matter will focus on geometric and organic objects. 

2. The second quarter will introduce the techniques of working in value, that is overall shading and the use of charcoal and conte. Landscape and portraiture will be explored.

3. After mid-term the third quarter of the semester will be devoted to linear perspective, its theory and its application to architectural forms and spaces. 

4. The final quarter of the semester will focus on more personal imagery including work from imagination. Use of color and the theory and techniques of abstraction will be introduced.

Academic Honesty:
Academic integrity is the foundation of the academic community. Because each student has the primary responsibility for being academically honest, students are advised to read and understand all sections of this policy relating to standards of conduct and academic life.   Park University 2008-2009 Undergraduate Catalog Page 87

Plagiarism involves the use of quotations without quotation marks, the use of quotations without indication of the source, the use of another's idea without acknowledging the source, the submission of a paper, laboratory report, project, or class assignment (any portion of such) prepared by another person, or incorrect paraphrasing. Park University 2008-2009 Undergraduate Catalog Page 87
Fortunately, plagiarism is seldom an issue in a studio class.
Of course,  you must not turn in work as your own which you did not do.  
The consequences are severe.

Attendance Policy:
Instructors are required to maintain attendance records and to report absences via the online attendance reporting system.

  1. The instructor may excuse absences for valid reasons, but missed work must be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  2. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties.
  3. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a semester/term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of "F".
  4. A "Contract for Incomplete" will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course.
  5. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance or Veterans Administration educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the semester/term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student.
  6. Report of a "F" grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for those students who are receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned in item 5 above will be reported to the appropriate agency.

Park University 2008-2009 Undergraduate Catalog Page 89-90
The above is Park's official attendence policy.
My attendence policy is as follows:  Roll will be taken at the beginning of each class. You are responsible for signing the attendance sheet.  You are allowed 4 cuts (approx. 10%) without penalty to your grade assuming that all work has been completed.  

In the case of illness or emergency, you must notify me before class via E-mail in order to receive an excused absence.  Additional absences beyond 4  will result in a 3% deduction each from the your final class score.  Arriving late or leaving early will be noted. Two of these instances equal an absence.

ATHLETES:  By the beginning of the second week of the semester please provide me with a list of the specific class sessions you expect to miss due to games, signed by your coach so that we can make plans to compensate you missed class time.  

Disability Guidelines:
Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University's policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities. In the case of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University's policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page: .

Art Supplies for Drawing I.doc

Sketch bk assign. - Draw your Feet.doc Assign

Calendar Grid Spring 09 copy.doc


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Last Updated:1/8/2009 3:51:15 PM