CJ231 Introduction to Law Enforcement

for F1T 2010

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CJ 231 Introduction to Law Enforcement


F1T 2010 DLA


Revels, Judith C.


Adjunct Faculty


M.S. (Criminology)
B.A. (Criminal Justice)
B.A. (Psychology)

Office Location


Office Hours

By appointment

Daytime Phone

(904) 655-5197




Semester Dates

Aug 16 - Oct 10, 2010

Class Days


Class Time


Credit Hours



Schmalleger, Frank J. and John L. Worrall (2009). Policing Today. Prentice Hall  ISBN: 0-205-51551-7
Product Details

Textbooks can be purchased through the MBS bookstore

Textbooks can be purchased through the Parkville Bookstore

Additional Resources:

McAfee Memorial Library - Online information, links, electronic databases and the Online catalog. Contact the library for further assistance via email or at 800-270-4347.
Career Counseling - The Career Development Center (CDC) provides services for all stages of career development.  The mission of the CDC is to provide the career planning tools to ensure a lifetime of career success.
Park Helpdesk - If you have forgotten your OPEN ID or Password, or need assistance with your PirateMail account, please email helpdesk@park.edu or call 800-927-3024
Resources for Current Students - A great place to look for all kinds of information http://www.park.edu/Current/.
Advising - Park University would like to assist you in achieving your educational goals. Please contact your Campus Center for advising or enrollment adjustment information.
Online Classroom Technical Support - For technical assistance with the Online classroom, email helpdesk@parkonline.org or call the helpdesk at 866-301-PARK (7275). To see the technical requirements for Online courses, please visit the http://parkonline.org website, and click on the "Technical Requirements" link, and click on "BROWSER Test" to see if your system is ready.
FAQ's for Online Students - You might find the answer to your questions here.


Course Description:
CJ231 Introduction to Law Enforcement: This is an introduction to the law enforcement segment of the criminal justice system, with an examination of the history and development of law enforcement, especially in the United States. The various job and career opportunities in law enforcement will be reviewed. 3:0:3

Educational Philosophy:
Your facilitator's primary focus is on actively learning with and from students. Student learning will utilize challenging subject matter and critical thinking exercises, enhanced with relevant technology. This course's high expectations can be met by learners who rise to the occasion using perseverance, participation, and sharing of ideas.  

Learning Outcomes:
  Core Learning Outcomes

  1. Demonstrate a basic understanding of law enforcement.
  2. Discuss the various career opportunities available in the profession.
  3. Appraise the role of law enforcement in a free society.

Core Assessment:

  • Quizzes & exams

  • Class participation, quizzes & exams

  • Papers, presentations, group &/or individual activities with written assignments (see CJ205)

Class Assessment:

  Assessment of learning will be through tests, quizzes, class discussions, and the essay.

         PAPER: The paper should be approximately 5-7 pages in length and in APA format. It should be submitted with a separate Title page and References page. "Separate" means these two pages do not count toward the required 5-7 pages in length. The Paper must contain a minimum of five (5) scholarly sources, one of which should be our textbook.   An interview with an appropriate law enforcement professional may be used insofar as the interview is appropriately cited in APA format on the References page.  In-text citations must indicate the source of the material. If a source is not cited it could be grounds for plagiarism-- so exercise caution.  The topic for each paper must be related to some crucial aspect of law enforcement. The discussion should include background information about the topic and some observations or analysis based on what we've learned this semester. Wikipedia, AnswersEncarta, Encyclopedia, Dictionary or other similar sources are inappropriate for any aspect of this course because they are not scholarly resources. Points will be subtracted for citing such websites.  The Essay must be submitted to the Dropbox only in .doc or .rtf format.  No other format is acceptable.

The first paragraph of any writing assignment is the most important. In effect, the first paragraph should serve as an outline or abstract of your paper. The major theme or topic of your paper should be stated in the very first sentence.

 THE ESSAY IS DUE BY THE END OF THE SEVENTH WEEK OF CLASS. Essays will be graded on the basis of proper format, grammar, spelling, and thoroughness of content. Any questions can be addressed to Professor Revels either using the "office" option button or email. 

    The discussion thread is a "virtual classroom" with participation expected throughout the discussion period. Interaction between classmates is not merely welcome, but is required.  The opportunity to make comments and participate is limited to Question 1 (through Wednesday) and Question 2 (through Sunday).  Post your own substantive answer to Discussion Question 1 and comment on at least one classmate's answer.  After Wednesday, post your own substantive answer to Discussion Question 2 and comment on at least one classmate's answer. Threads posted after the Wednesday and Sunday deadlines will neither be read nor reviewed for evaluation and grading purposes. Additionally, single day participation during the window of opportunity is inconsistent with the virtual classroom concept and may result in a lower evaluation as to quality.


To reiterate, student evaluation will be based on tests, quizzes, participation in class discussions, and the essay.  The total points possible points is 400.  Letter grades are based on the following scale.

Mid-Term Examination ........................100 points 
Final Examination ............................. 100 points (Core assessment)
Essay.......................................100 points (Core assessment)
Participation (discussion thread).......... 100 points (Core assessment)
A = 360 - 400; B= 320 - 359; C = 280 - 319; D = 240 - 279; F = < 240  

Park University policy on incomplete grades is as follows: “An incomplete grade (I) may be issued only upon completion of a “Contract for Incomplete” signed by the student and the instructor and placed on file in the Office of the Registrar or Campus Center. An Incomplete will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for the course. An “I” indicates that the coursework was not completed in the time allotted in the semester/term through no fault of the student as determined by the instructor. Final assessment of the grade is postponed to no later than 60 days after the last day of the semester/term in which the “I” was received. Failure on the part of the student to complete the work will result in an “F.” A student may submit a written request for one 30-day extension beyond the 60 days. After approval by the instructor, the request is filed in the Office of the Registrar or Campus Center. " 

Late Submission of Course Materials:

Assignments should be turned in on or before the due on which they are due. Certain work may be made up in cases of legitimate absence. The instructor must be notified (phone or e-mail) prior to the absence for the absence to be considered excused. No papers will be accepted during the 8th week of class.

Since computers are ubiquitous, computer problems (“My hard drive died; my motherboard is fried…” etc.) are not acceptable excuses. Use a computer at a local public library if your own malfunctions. This is a non-negotiable issue.

Classroom Rules of Conduct:
An online course involves considerable "threaded discussion" participation in an environment where opinions will be openly expressed, regardless of their popularity. Students will engage each other in a professional and courteous manner. Debate is encouraged during a polite exchange of ideas leading to the intellectual growth of our class.

Bottom Line:  Courtesy and online netiquette will be used in all communications. 

Course Topic/Dates/Assignments:

Week 1 
Aug 16 - 22, 2010
Chapter 1: Origins and Evolution of American Policing
Chapter 2: Policing in the American Context
Week 2    
Aug 23 - 29, 2010
Chapter 3: Police and the Criminal Justice System
Chapter 4: Law Enforcement Agencies and Their Organization
Week 3    
Aug 30 - Sept 5, 2010
Chapter 5: Becoming a Cop
Chapter 6: Police Subculture
Week 4    
Sept 6 - 12, 2010

Chapter 7: Career Concerns
Chapter 8: Patrol, Peacekeeping and Investigations
Mid-Term Examination

Week 5     
Sept 13 - 19, 2010
Chapter 9: Intelligence, Information and Special Problems
Chapter10: Community Policing and Community Involvement
Week 6     
Sept 20 - 26, 2010
Chapter 11: Policing and the Law
Chapter 12: Civil Liability and Accountability
Week 7 
Sept 27 - Oct 3, 2010
Chapter 13: Police Discretion and Behavior
Chapter 14: Deviance, Ethics and Professionalism
**Essay due by 11:59pm CST Sunday Oct. 3, 2010
Week 8 
Oct 4 - 10, 2010
Chapter 15: The Use of Force
Chapter 16:  The Future of Policing
Proctored Final Examination

**The Essay:   This paper should be approximately 5-7 pages in length and in proper APA  format (see websites and the attachment for basic APA guidelines).  It should  be submitted with a separate Title page and a separate References (Bibliography) page, which do not count toward the required length.  A minimum of five (5) sources will be used--including our textbook.  You may also use an interview with an appropriate individual insofar as the interview is appropriately cited in APA format on the References page.

Select a crucial issue or topic in law enforcement and discuss it in a substantive manner.  The discussion should include background information about the topic and some observations or analysis based on information studied in class this semester.  Essays will usually be submitted to Turnitin.com to check on excessive copy/paste or uncredited quotations/information.  The Essay must be submitted to the Dropbox only in .doc or .rtf format.  No other format is acceptable.

Credit must be provided to authors whose work you quote or paraphrase.

Academic Honesty:
Academic integrity is the foundation of the academic community. Because each student has the primary responsibility for being academically honest, students are advised to read and understand all sections of this policy relating to standards of conduct and academic life. Park University students and faculty members are encouraged to take advantage of the University resources available for learning about academic honesty (www.park.edu/current or http://www.park.edu/faculty/).from Park University 2010-2011 Undergraduate Catalog Page 92

Plagiarism involves the use of quotations without quotation marks, the use of quotations without indication of the source, the use of another's idea without acknowledging the source, the submission of a paper, laboratory report, project, or class assignment (any portion of such) prepared by another person, or incorrect paraphrasing. from Park University 2010-2011 Undergraduate Catalog Page 92-93
Excessive copy/paste is one of the main reasons students do not earn high points on the Essay. Remember: Essays will be submitted to Turnitin.com to determine the originality of a student's Essay.

Attendance Policy:
Instructors are required to maintain attendance records and to report absences via the online attendance reporting system.

  1. The instructor may excuse absences for valid reasons, but missed work must be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  2. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties.
  3. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a semester/term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of "F".
  4. A "Contract for Incomplete" will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course.
  5. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance or Veterans Administration educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the semester/term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student.
  6. Report of a "F" grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for those students who are receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned in item 5 above will be reported to the appropriate agency.
ONLINE NOTE: An attendance report of "P" (present) will be recorded for students who have logged in to the Online classroom at least once during each week of the term. Recording of attendance is not equivalent to participation. Participation grades will be assigned by each instructor according to the criteria in the Grading Policy section of the syllabus.

Park University 2010-2011 Undergraduate Catalog Page 95-96

Disability Guidelines:
Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University's policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities. In the case of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University's policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page: http://www.park.edu/disability .

Additional Information:
There is important information available to Park criminal justice students at the following URL:


APA Handout.docBibliography:

Example of a Bibliography, also known as a References page:
Litwack, L. F. (2009). Fight the power! The legacy of the civil rights movement. Journal of Southern History, 75, 1.  Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database on November 14, 2009.
Hall, J. D. (2005). The long civil rights movement and the political uses of the past. Journal of American History, 91 (4). Retrieved from http://jbs.sagepub.com on November 20, 2009.

 Schmalleger, F. and Worrall, J. (2010). Policing Today. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.


This material is protected by copyright and cannot be reused without author permission.

Last Updated:7/26/2010 8:31:00 PM