BI225 Botany

for SP 2011

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BI 225 Botany


SP 2011 HO


Williams, Donald L.


Associate Professor of Biology


Ed. D. in Science (Biology), Ball State Univ., Muncie, IN, Sum. '98
MS in Biology, Western State College, Gunnison, CO, Sum. '78
BA in Biology, Kansas Wesleyan Univ., Salina, KS, May '70

Office Location


Office Hours

M-W-F, 10-12 (noon); M-W-, 1-4PM

Daytime Phone



Web Page

Semester Dates

January 10–May 6, 2011

Class Days

-M-W-F- in SC310; Lab is on Thursday in SC125

Class Time

9:00 - 9:50 AM; Lab time is 2:25-5:15

Credit Hours



Bidlack, J. E. & S. H. Jansky. 2011. Stern’s Introductory Plant Biology, 12th Ed. McGraw-Hill Higher Education, Boston. ISBN: 978-0-07-304052-3

Stern, K. R. & J. E. Bidlack. 2008. Laboratory Manual Stern’s Introductory Plant Biology, 12th Ed., McGraw-Hill Higher Education, Boston. ISBN: 978-0-07-304053-0.  Note:  Each student must have his/her own lab manual.  Lab quizzes, diagrams to be labeled, and review questions found in the lab manual will be completed, removed from the manual, and turned in for grading.  Photocopied pages will not be accepted!

Pollan, Michael. 2001. The Botany of Desire. Random House. ISBN 0-375-76039-3

Textbooks can be purchased through the Parkville Bookstore

Additional Resources:

By going to my web site for the Botany course at the following web site, the student will be able to access a variety of resources with which their time in this course can be enhanced.

McAfee Memorial Library - Online information, links, electronic databases and the Online catalog. Contact the library for further assistance via email or at 800-270-4347.
Career Counseling - The Career Development Center (CDC) provides services for all stages of career development.  The mission of the CDC is to provide the career planning tools to ensure a lifetime of career success.
Park Helpdesk - If you have forgotten your OPEN ID or Password, or need assistance with your PirateMail account, please email or call 800-927-3024
Resources for Current Students - A great place to look for all kinds of information

Course Description:
BI225 Botany: A study of the plant kingdom with an emphasis on the structure and physiology of the flowering plants. Prerequisite: Permission of Instructor. 3:3:4

Educational Philosophy:

In this class, the instructor will attempt to create an interactive learning environment utilizing lectures, class discussions, homework, exams, quizzes, various technologies, laboratory activities, and guest speakers (when appropriate and available). Each student is strongly encouraged to participate within the structure of the course via discussion and debate of his/her views and personal beliefs. Critical thinking and skepticism are the cornerstones of science and the foundations to uncovering the truth about the natural world. Course topics will be presented and discussed with these foundations in mind. It is the belief of this instructor that everyone can understand and utilize scientific principles, and that science can be fun; therefore, this course will be taught from these premises.

Learning Outcomes:
  Core Learning Outcomes

  1. Discuss and apply the scientific method as a critical thinking and research tool both to plant science questions as well as other scientific problem solving scenarios;
  2. Demonstrate the proper use of laboratory equipment and methodologies in a problem-solving context as it applies to botanical studies;
  3. Discuss the particular aspects of botany as a science, describing its history, major sub-disciplines and its interrelationships to other sciences;
  4. Describe and discuss the significance of all aspects of plant anatomy and physiology, cellular through organismal;
  5. Explain the historical and current aspects of plant taxonomy and classification and be able, at a fundamental level, to successfully use a plant taxonomic key to determine the identity of an “unknown” plant;
  6. Explain the relationships among the various groups of non-animal organisms (i.e. monerans, protists, fungi, and plants) which are commonly grouped under the study of botanical sciences;
  7. Discuss the ecological aspects of plants and their importance to the survival of the entire world.

Core Assessment:

Formal laboratory activity over the mineral nutrition of sunflowers (or another common plant), a pre-lab quiz, post-lab quiz, the laboratory activity itself including set up and collection of data, and a final, formal written laboratory report organized in a standard scientific format.  (Meets 20% of the final grade for this course)


1.  Acquisition of knowledge via laboratory handout document giving the student background information and laboratory directions for performing the experiment.

2.  Acquisition of knowledge via lecture over plant nutrition basics.

3. Plant nutrition laboratory activity to collect and interpret data demonstrating the student’s capabilities to perform in the laboratory.

4. Formal scientific paper to be written addressing plant nutrition concepts and to demonstrate the student’s understanding of how science works via experimentation and the scientific method of inquiry.

5. Laboratory quiz over the above concepts.

Link to Class Rubric

Class Assessment:

Text assignments, lectures, and lab topics will follow the syllabus schedule as much as possible. (This instructor reserves the right to change or alter the schedule if necessary.) The following items will be used during the teaching of this course to assess student learning. Each item will be given a point value and the student’s grade will be determined via a percentage completion of that value.

  • Video tapes, slides, etc. will be used to enhance and clarify concepts when such materials are available. These, many times, will be used during the lab sessions.
  • Major exams will be given according to the printed schedule. Concepts covered on exams may not have been fully addressed in lab or lecture. It is the student’s responsibility to have text and lab materials fully studied.
  • Lecture and laboratory quizzes.
  • Outside reading to enhance one’s own understanding is strongly encouraged.   Specific articles may be assigned by the instructor on a periodic basis.
  • Whenever possible, community resource persons may give presentations and/or field trips may be taken. If you have any suggestions for outside speakers, please inform the instructor.



Laboratory exercises will be done in small groups generally consisting of two students; however, all write-ups, labeled drawings, pre-quizzes, review questions, etc. must be the work of the individual student, unless otherwise announced. Make-up labs must be completed within one week of the lab session missed. Failure to complete assigned lab exercises will result in a lowered class grade and possibly a failing grade for the course.

  • The printed weekly lab quizzes for each lab activity found in the lab manual will be due at the beginning of the lab period. Failure to do so will result in a zero for that lab quiz.   Practical lab exams may be given periodically and will be announced. The student should be ready at all times. Lab review questions and drawings or other lab assignments are to be completed and turned in no later than the Friday class session following the lab, unless additional time is given by the instructor. At the end of the course, a Final Lab Exam will be given and will include photographs of organisms and structures observed and studied during lab sessions throughout the course. This will be given via a power point presentation format.
  • Throughout the semester, three specific labs will be conducted and written up in formal scientific style. The first lab report will be worth 100 pts., the second will be worth 200 pts. and the third (the CORE Assessment) will be worth 400 pts.


The following areas will be used in determining the student’s over-all grade for this course. 

  • All work will be scored on a point basis with the student’s grade being calculated as a % of the total possible points assigned.  Approx. 45% of the grade is determined from the four major exams and the three major laboratory reports; 55% of the grade is determined from daily lecture and laboratory graded activities. The student will be able to keep track of their grade by using the course selection in the eCompanion system.  If any discrepancies are noted feel free to contact the instructor to have your grade checked and changed if warranted.  It is in the best interest of the student to keep all returned assignments in case a grade needs to be validated. 


  • Grading Scale:

A = 90.0% and higher

B = 80.0%

C = 70.0%

D = 60.0%

F = less than 60.0%

Exams: Exams and final may consist of multiple choice, matching, labeling, short answer, and essay questions.

Quizzes: Lecture quizzes will not be announced; questions will be multiple choice or one-word answer and will test on material from the previous few classes and reading for the current class.

Lab Quizzes: At the beginning of each lab session, a short quiz will be given over the previous lab’s material and/or preliminary preparation for the current lab activity, i. e., the Laboratory Preparation Quizzes from the Laboratory Manual.

Assignments: Allpapers, lab write-ups, and any other out-of-class assignments must be typed (double-spaced, 12 point, left justified, in plain text) and stapled in the upper left corner unless the instructor explicitly states otherwise. It is neither necessary nor encouraged to place lab reports and written papers in slicker-type, 3-ring binders, colored folders, etc.—a stapled paper is adequate and preferred. Homework will have varying point values as determined by the instructor.

Make-ups: Lecture and lab quizzes and lab exams cannot be made up. Emergencies involving missed exams and assignments will be handled on a case-by-case basis (see attendance policies, above).

Extra credit: The only extra credit allowed will be the use of the Extra Credit Bingo card.

Late Submission of Course Materials:

All assignments are due by the end of the class period on their due date. Late assignments will receive a grade of zero. An absence from the session at which an assignment is due does not exempt one from the assignment due date; it is the student’s responsibility to get assignments to the professor on or before the due date, especially in the case of excused absences as mentioned, above. Emergency situations that can be documented will be handled on a case by case basis with the instructor. 

See Assessment and Grading information, above, for any other information on this policy.

Classroom Rules of Conduct:

The classroom is a place for learning and intellectual development for all in attendance; therefore,

  • CD players, I-Pods, cellular phones, beepers, and other communication devices are not welcome where they disrupt the learning process. Please be respectful of the professor and your peers by turning off such devices or not bringing them to the class. 
  • Students suspected to be under the influence of drugs or alcohol will be removed from the class and reported to the Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs. Smokeless tobacco is not to be used during class or laboratory sessions.
  • Disruptive behavior (as deemed by the instructor) during class time will result in removal of the student from the class for the day and the student will be considered absent. Multiple disruptions over the semester may lead to dismissal of the student from the class and a subsequent failing grade being given for the course.
  • Computers make writing and revising much easier and more productive. Students must recognize, however, that technology can also cause problems. Printers run out of ink and hard drives crash. Students must be responsible for planning ahead and meeting deadlines in spite of technological failures. Be sure to save copies of your work to disk, hard drive, and print out paper copies for backup purposes.

Course Topic/Dates/Assignments:







Intro.; The Dev. of Plant Study; Nature of Life

1 & 2

1-The Microscope

2-The Cell


Cells                                EXAM #1



Allelopathy Set Up


Tissues & Roots

4 & 5


7-Plant Propagation


Stems & Leaves

6 & 7

Book Discussion:

The Botany of Desire, Intro. & Ch. 1


EXAM #2;

Flowers, Fruits, & Seeds


18-Flowering Plants,

19-Fruits & Seeds


Water in Plants;


5 & 9

Osmosis Lab






Field Trip


Plant Metabolism


14 & 15

Plant Nutrition Lab

Set Up



March 6-13




Growth; Meiosis & Alt. of Gen.

11 & 12

Book Discussion:

The Botany of Desire, Ch. 2


Plant Naming & Classification; Monera & Viruses

16 & 17


12 –Meiosis, etc.





13-K. Survey & Classification Lab


Fungi & Lichens;

Intro. To Plant Kingdom; Bryophyta

19 & 20

Book Discussion:

The Botany of Desire, Ch. 3;

14-K. Archaea etc.

15-K. Fungi


The Seedless Vascular Plants; Ferns, etc.


16-Bryo. & Ferns


Intro. to Seed Plants: Gynmosperms;                


17-K. Plantae:


18-K. Plantae:



Seed Plants:  Angiosperms

23 & 24

Book Discussion:

The Botany of Desire, Ch. 4;

Lab Final



BI225 Final: Wed. 5/4,


Academic Honesty:
Academic integrity is the foundation of the academic community. Because each student has the primary responsibility for being academically honest, students are advised to read and understand all sections of this policy relating to standards of conduct and academic life. Park University students and faculty members are encouraged to take advantage of the University resources available for learning about academic honesty ( or Park University 2010-2011 Undergraduate Catalog Page 92

Plagiarism involves the use of quotations without quotation marks, the use of quotations without indication of the source, the use of another's idea without acknowledging the source, the submission of a paper, laboratory report, project, or class assignment (any portion of such) prepared by another person, or incorrect paraphrasing. from Park University 2010-2011 Undergraduate Catalog Page 92-93

Attendance Policy:
Instructors are required to maintain attendance records and to report absences via the online attendance reporting system.

  1. The instructor may excuse absences for valid reasons, but missed work must be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  2. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties.
  3. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a semester/term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of "F".
  4. A "Contract for Incomplete" will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course.
  5. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance or Veterans Administration educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the semester/term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student.
  6. Report of a "F" grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for those students who are receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned in item 5 above will be reported to the appropriate agency.

Park University 2010-2011 Undergraduate Catalog Page 95-96
It is the opinion of this instructor that class performance directly relates to class attendance.  Regular attendance at lectures and labs, therefore, is imperative.  The attendance policy as printed, above, will be followed as a minimum requirement.  Attendance will be taken on a regular basis both in lab and lecture; unexcused and/or excessive absences (more than 5) will result in a lowered course grade of at least one letter grade.  For excused absences due to illness, emergencies, scheduled field trips, university sanctioned sports trips, etc. it is the student's responsibility to communicate such with the instructor well in advance of the absence for assignment makeup, etc.

Disability Guidelines:
Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University's policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities. In the case of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University's policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page: .


CompetencyExceeds Expectation (3)Meets Expectation (2)Does Not Meet Expectation (1)No Evidence (0)
6 or more sources referenced. 5 sources referenced (min. 3 books &/or journals; 2 internet) 1-4 sources referenced. No sources referenced. 
Identify and discuss 6 or more assignment issues. Identify and discuss 3-5 assignment issues. Identify and discuss 1-4 assignment issues. No assignment issues identified or discussed. 
Within the Intro. & Conclusion, assess 6 or more items concerning plant nutrition. Within the Intro. & Conclusion, assess 3-5 items concerning plant nutrition. Within the Intro. & Conclusion, assess 1-4 items concerning plant nutrition Within the Intro. & Conclusion, 0 items concerning plant nutrition. 
No terminology/factual errors noted. 1-3 terminology/factual errors. 4-5 terminology/factual errors. 6 or more terminology/factual errors. 
Demonstrate mastery of 5 or more concepts from assign-ment; e.g.:  

?Plant macronutrients

?Plant micronutrients

?Nutrient deficiencies and their effects on plants

?Soil pH and its effects on plant growth

?What is hydroponics and what might its practical applications be?

?How can a knowledge of plant nutrition be applied to animal health?

Demonstrate mastery of 3-4 or more concepts from assign-ment; e.g.:  

?Plant macronutrients

?Plant micronutrients

?Nutrient deficiencies and their effects on plants

?Soil pH and its effects on plant growth

?What is hydroponics and what might its practical applications be?

?How can a knowledge of plant nutrition be applied to animal health?

Demonstrate mastery of 1-2 or more concepts from assign-ment; e.g.:  

?Plant macronutrients

?Plant micronutrients

?Nutrient deficiencies and their effects on plants

?Soil pH and its effects on plant growth

?What is hydroponics and what might its practical applications be?

?How can a knowledge of plant nutrition be applied to animal health?

No demonstration of mastery of assignment concepts. 


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Last Updated:1/7/2011 12:27:32 PM