HC451 Hlth Care & the Political Proces

for S2T 2013

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HC 451 Hlth Care & the Political Proces


S2T 2013 DL


York, Tirizia L.


Online Adjunct Faculty


Bachelor of Arts in Sociology from the University of Missouri-Columbia
Master of Arts in Sociology/Criminal Justice from Lincoln University

Office Location


Office Hours

Monday to Friday  11 to 7 PM CST



Semester Dates

S2T 2013

Class Days


Class Time


Credit Hours




Health Policymaking in  the United States, 5th ed. Year: 2010

Author: Beaufort B. Longest, Jr 

ISBN: 978-1-56793-354-3

Textbooks can be purchased through the MBS bookstore

Textbooks can be purchased through the Parkville Bookstore

Additional Resources:

Here is the link to the guidelines for acceptable proctor selection:

McAfee Memorial Library - Online information, links, electronic databases and the Online catalog. Contact the library for further assistance via email or at 800-270-4347.
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Course Description:
HC451 Health Care and the Political Process: Analysis of the process of health policy formation at the federal, state, and local levels from historical and contemporary perspectives. Specific topics will include cost controls, utilization review, methods of changing public and private health policies, and political factors in health care delivery. 3:0:3

Educational Philosophy:

The facilitator’s educational philosophy is one of interactiveness based on lectures, readings, quizzes, dialogues, examinations, internet, videos, web sites and writings. The facilitator will engage each learner in what is referred to as disputatious learning to encourage the lively exploration of ideas, issues and contradictions.

Learning Outcomes:
  Core Learning Outcomes

  1. Explain the role of the political process on health delivery in the United States.
  2. Describe how the political process affects cost of health care, human resources, and various health facilities.
  3. Analyze the key roles of demanders and suppliers of health policies .
  4. Explain the current and future issues in health policy and the role of government in the formulation of health policy.
  5. Interpret the role of specific interests in the health care industry and the effect on health policy decisions and organization and delivery of health care.
  6. Evaluate the roles of local, state, and federal politics on the current and future developments of health care delivery.

Core Assessment:

Class Assessment:

This course includes papers, participation, homework, and an examination.
-Short Paper: You will complete a two-three page (not including cover and reference page) paper on a current healthcare political topic. It should be an informative paper that informs the reader on the topic from an objective standpoint. Do not include your opinion, rather just summarize the topic from as many perspectives as possible. It must be in APA format.
-Term Paper: Your term paper should be 10-15 pages in length (not including the cover and reference pages), and in APA format. The topic should be relevant to this course, and should include at least five peer reviewed references. The paper may be informative or persuasive.
-Homework: These extra discussions will be in weeks 4 & 5, should not be a formal paper, and need no cover page. It should have a reference "section" or page if you have references, and should be double-spaced.
-Final Examination: The final examination is a five question essay format that requires a significant and substantive response in order to earn full credit. Please plan on spending the entire two hours addressing the exam.
-Participation: The three most important grading criteria for your work will be breadth, depth, and application of course concepts. For purposes of this course, the following definitions will apply to each of these terms:
  • Breadth (B): Refers to the "number" of chapter and lecture concepts that you have applied to the homework questions, discussion, and report.
  • Depth (D): Refers to the degree you provide "detailed" analyses to the homework questions, discussion, and report.
  • Application (A): Refers to the chapter and lecture concepts you "apply" to your homework questions, discussion, and report. You can accomplish this by referencing page numbers, concepts such as data collection methods, etc.

During the first two weeks, I will respond to the work you submit with either a B, D, A, or combination thereof.

For example, if you need additional breadth and application as they relate to your work, I will provide the following comment:

Areas for additional focus: BA

Each time you submit work, I will respond (In the comment section) to the work you submit with either a B, D, A, or combination thereof. For example, if you need additional Depth and Application as they relate to your work, I will provide the following comment:

Areas for additional focus: D1/A2. Note: A number (1, 2, or 3) by the letter indicates the degree to which additional focus is needed. For example, D1, indicates a small amount of additional depth is needed, a D2 indicates a moderate amount is needed, while a D3 indicates a substantial amount is needed. In terms of relating the above to point deductions, the following can be used as a guideline (Actual point deductions may vary somewhat)

Homework Point Deductions

  • B1 or D1 or A1 = 1 point deduction
  • B2 or D2 or A2 = 2 point deduction
  • B3 or D3 or A3 = 3 point deduction
  • B1/A1, etc. = 2 point deduction
  • B1/A2, etc. = 3 point deduction
  • B1/A3, etc. = 4 point deduction
  • B2/A2, etc. = 4 point deduction
  • B2/A3, etc. = 5 point deduction
  • B3/A3, etc. = 6 point deduction
  • B1/A1/D1, etc. = 3 point deduction
  • B1/A2/D1, etc. = 4 point deduction
  • B1/A2/D2, etc. = 5 point deduction
  • B1/A3/D3, etc. = 7 point deduction
  • B2/A2/D2, etc. = 6 point deduction
  • Etc.

Discussion Point Deductions

  • B1 or D1 or A1 = 2 point deduction
  • B2 or D2 or A2 = 4 point deduction
  • B3 or D3 or A3 = 6 point deduction
  • B1/A1, etc. = 4 point deduction
  • B1/A2, etc. = 6 point deduction
  • B1/A3, etc. = 8 point deduction
  • B2/A2, etc. = 8 point deduction
  • B2/A3, etc. = 10 point deduction
  • B3/A3, etc. = 12 point deduction
  • B1/A1/D1, etc. = 6 point deduction
  • B1/A2/D1, etc. = 8 point deduction
  • B1/A2/D2, etc. = 10 point deduction
  • B1/A3/D3, etc. = 14 point deduction
  • B2/A2/D2, etc. = 12 point deduction
  • Etc.

Your participation grade will be determined by your positive responses to the discussion postings of others and your timeliness in terms of submitting your work, etc.


Participation                            200 points - 20%
Homework                             150 points - 15%
Short Paper                            150 points - 15%
Term Paper                            200 points - 20%
Final Exam                             300 points - 30%
Total                                   1,000 points - 100%
A 900 - 1000 points 90 - 100%
B 800 - 899 points 80 - 89%
C 700 - 799 points 70 - 79%
D 600 - 699 points 60 - 69%
F Below 600 0 - 59%

The course grade for students will be based on the overall average of homework and tests taken during the course in accordance with the weighting of the various requirements as stated in the syllabus.

All final exams in all School of Business courses will be comprehensive and will be closed book and closed notes. They will constitute 30% of the total course grade and will not be a take-home exam. They will be completed during the test week in the period designated by the registrar or by the Proctor in the case online courses. If calculators are allowed, they will not be multifunctional electronic devices that include features such as: phones, cameras, instant messaging, pagers, and so forth. Electronic Computers will not be allowed on final exams unless an exception is made by the Dean of the School of Business.

Late Submission of Course Materials:

Basically, late work is NOT accepted. However, there may be cases where deviation may be allowed. The major point is that late work should be the exception and not the rule and will only be accepted on a case by case basis with instructor approval. Therefore, the following applies to ALL instructor approved late work: All late work will be downgraded at the discretion of the instructor, up to 10% for every day or part of a day it is late. Late work may not be accepted if it is more than 5 days late. No late work for weeks 1 through 4 will be accepted after the end of week 4. No late work will be accepted after the end of week 8. Unless all required work is submitted, the student could receive a failing grade for the course.

Classroom Rules of Conduct:

This course is offered on-line, over the Internet, using the eCollege On-line computer service. Students are expected to devote a minimum of five hours per class week participating in this course -- the same amount of time you would spend in the physical classroom. This can be accomplished by being logged on to the computer conferencing system and reviewing/commenting on the inputs from fellow students; posting their own assignments, along with visiting different web sites listed in the "References" part of the course. This time also should include the "off-line" preparation of student's responses to be posted in the conference or emailed to the instructor.
 A class week is defined as the period of time between Monday and Sunday. The first week begins the first day of the semester and ends at midnight MDT/MST (as applicable) the following Sunday. Subsequent weeks will begin and end the same way. Assignments scheduled for completion during a class week should be completed and successfully submitted so that they are in my hands on the due date. If you ever have problems transmitting your assignments to me, telephone me or fax me immediately, and we will get the problem solved. Just because your computer breaks is NO EXCUSE for you to be late in submitting your work to me. Libraries have computers with Internet access, and there are tons of places that have fax capability.

Ground Rules for On-line Participation:

Students should use email for: private messages to the instructor and other students; submitting assignments when so directed; as a back-up for submitting assignments when unable to enter the conference. The Class Conference is for public messages, and for submitting assignments when so directed. Students are expected to complete a minimum of two hours per week of conferencing or other appropriate on-line activities, including sending/receiving e-mail and navigating and conducting research over the World Wide Web. Conventions of "on-line etiquette/netiquette," which include courtesy to all users, will be observed.

The instructor reserves the right to delete/modify any student post to the discussion threads that violates the Park University Student Code of Conduct.

Course Topic/Dates/Assignments:

Week One   - Chapter 1: Health and Health Policy
Week Two   - Appendixes One (Overview of Medicare) and Two (Overview of Medicaid).
Week Three  - Chapter 2, The context and process of health policymaking & Short Paper Due
Week Four   - Chapter 3: Policy Formulation: Agenda Setting and Chapter 4: Policy Formulation: Development of Legislation & Homework Assignment Due
Week Five    - Chapter 5: Policy Implementation: Rulemaking and Chapter 6: Policy Implementation: Operation & Homework Assignment Due
Week Six     - Chapter 7: Policy Modification
Week Seven - Chapter 8: Developing Competence in the Policymaking Process & Term Paper Due
Week Eight   - Read any one of the appendixes in the back of the text (other than the first two which we’ve already covered) & Final Exam Due

Academic Honesty:
Academic integrity is the foundation of the academic community. Because each student has the primary responsibility for being academically honest, students are advised to read and understand all sections of this policy relating to standards of conduct and academic life. Park University students and faculty members are encouraged to take advantage of the University resources available for learning about academic honesty (www.park.edu/current or http://www.park.edu/faculty/).from Park University 2012-2013 Undergraduate Catalog Page 97

Plagiarism involves the use of quotations without quotation marks, the use of quotations without indication of the source, the use of another's idea without acknowledging the source, the submission of a paper, laboratory report, project, or class assignment (any portion of such) prepared by another person, or incorrect paraphrasing. from Park University 2012-2013 Undergraduate Catalog Page 95

Attendance Policy:
Instructors are required to maintain attendance records and to report absences via the online attendance reporting system.

  1. The instructor may excuse absences for valid reasons, but missed work must be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  2. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties.
  3. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a semester/term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of "F".
  4. A "Contract for Incomplete" will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course.
  5. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance or Veterans Administration educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the semester/term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student.
  6. Report of a "F" grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for those students who are receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned in item 5 above will be reported to the appropriate agency.
ONLINE NOTE: Students must participate in an academically related activity on a weekly basis in order to be marked present in an online class. Examples of academically-related activities include but are not limited to: contributing to an online discussion, completing a quiz or exam, completing an assignment, initiating contact with a faculty member to ask a course related question, or using any of the learning management system tools.

Park University 2012-2013 Undergraduate Catalog Page 98

Disability Guidelines:
Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University's policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities. In the case of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University's policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page: http://www.park.edu/disability .


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Last Updated:2/19/2013 9:50:25 AM