CJ231 Introduction to Law Enforcement

for F2T 2012

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Mission Statement: Park University provides access to a quality higher education experience that prepares a diverse community of learners to think critically, communicate effectively, demonstrate a global perspective and engage in lifelong learning and service to others.

Vision Statement: Park University, a pioneering institution of higher learning since 1875, will provide leadership in quality, innovative education for a diversity of learners who will excel in their professional and personal service to the global community.


CJ 231 Introduction to Law Enforcement


F2T 2012 DLA


Ackerman, George M.


Adjunct Faculty/Criminal Justice Administration


BA/Criminal Justice
JD/MBA/MS/Law, Business, CJ
Police Officer

Office Location


Office Hours

M-Friday, 10-5pm Eastern

Daytime Phone




Semester Dates


Class Days


Class Time


Credit Hours


Textbooks can be purchased through the MBS bookstore

Additional Resources:

McAfee Memorial Library - Online information, links, electronic databases and the Online catalog. Contact the library for further assistance via email or at 800-270-4347.
Career Counseling - The Career Development Center (CDC) provides services for all stages of career development.  The mission of the CDC is to provide the career planning tools to ensure a lifetime of career success.
Park Helpdesk - If you have forgotten your OPEN ID or Password, or need assistance with your PirateMail account, please email helpdesk@park.edu or call 800-927-3024
Resources for Current Students - A great place to look for all kinds of information http://www.park.edu/Current/.
Advising - Park University would like to assist you in achieving your educational goals. Please contact your Campus Center for advising or enrollment adjustment information.
Online Classroom Technical Support - For technical assistance with the Online classroom, email helpdesk@parkonline.org or call the helpdesk at 866-301-PARK (7275). To see the technical requirements for Online courses, please visit the http://parkonline.org website, and click on the "Technical Requirements" link, and click on "BROWSER Test" to see if your system is ready.
FAQ's for Online Students - You might find the answer to your questions here.

Course Description:
CJ231 Introduction to Law Enforcement: This is an introduction to the law enforcement segment of the criminal justice system, with an examination of the history and development of law enforcement, especially in the United States. The various job and career opportunities in law enforcement will be reviewed. 3:0:3

Educational Philosophy:
My educational philosophy is one of interactiveness based on lectures, readings, quizzes, dialogues, examinations, internet, videos, web sites and writings. I will engage each learner in what is referred to as disputatious learning to encourage the lively exploration of ideas, issues and contradictions.

Learning Outcomes:
  Core Learning Outcomes

  1. Demonstrate a basic understanding of law enforcement.
  2. Discuss the various career opportunities available in the profession.
  3. Appraise the role of law enforcement in a free society.

Core Assessment:

  • Quizzes & exams

  • Class participation, quizzes & exams

  • Papers, presentations, group &/or individual activities with written assignments (see CJ205)

Class Assessment:

In lieu of "Study Guides" for the Midterm and Final Exam, each chapter has practice quizzes designed to reinforce and emphasize important material. These quizzes are not graded, but familiarize students with material that may be included in the Mid-term and Final Exam.  The proctored Final Exam has 50 questions worth 2 points each. Students may not use a textbook or notes.    

ESSAY: The Research Paper should be approximately 5-7 pages in length and in APA format with one-inch margins on all sides. It should be submitted with a separate Title page and References page. "Separate" means these two pages do not count toward the required 5-7 pages in length. The double-spaced Paper must contain a minimum of five (5) scholarly sources, one of which should be our textbook.   An interview with an appropriate law enforcement professional may be used insofar as the interview is appropriately cited in APA format on the separate References page.  Begin that separate page with the word References centered at the top middle of the page. Do not bold, underline, capitalize or italicize this word.  

 In-text citations must indicate the source of the material. If a source is not cited it could be grounds for plagiarism-- so exercise caution.  The topic for each paper must be related to some crucial aspect of law enforcement. **The discussion should include background information about the topic and some observations or analysis based on what we've learned this semester. Wikipedia, AnswersEncarta, Encyclopedia, Dictionary or other similar sources are inappropriate for any aspect of this course because they are not scholarly resources. Points will be subtracted for citing such websites.  The Essay must be submitted to the Dropbox only in .doc, .docx, or .rtf format.  No other format is acceptable.
The first paragraph of any writing assignment is the most important. In effect, the first paragraph should serve as an outline or abstract of your paper. The major theme or topic of your paper should be stated in the very first sentence.
**Select a crucial issue or topic in law enforcement and discuss it in a substantive manner.  The discussion should include background information about the topic and some observations or analysis based on information studied in class this semester.  Papers will usually be submitted to Turnitin.com to check on excessive copy/paste or uncredited quotations/information.  The Essay must be submitted to the Dropbox only in .doc, .docx, or .rtf format.  No other format is acceptable.

Credit must be provided to authors whose work you quote or paraphrase.
The essay IS DUE BY THE END OF THE SEVENTH WEEK OF CLASS and graded on the basis of proper format, grammar, spelling, and thoroughness of content. Any questions can be addressed to Professor Revels either using the "office" option button or email. 

The weekly discussion thread area is a "virtual classroom" with participation expected throughout the discussion period. Interaction between classmates is not merely welcome, but is required.  The opportunity to make comments and participate is limited to Question 1 (through Wednesday) and Question 2 (through Sunday).  Post your own substantive answer to Discussion Question 1 and comment on at least one classmate's answer.  After Wednesday, post your own substantive answer to Discussion Question 2 and comment on at least one classmate's answer. Threads posted after the Wednesday and Sunday deadlines will neither be read nor reviewed for evaluation and grading purposes. Additionally, single day participation during the window of opportunity is inconsistent with the virtual classroom concept and may result in a lower evaluation as to quality.


To reiterate, student evaluation will be based on tests, quizzes, participation in class discussions, and the essay.  The total points possible points is 400.  Letter grades are based on the following scale.

Mid-Term Examination ........................100 points 
Final Examination ............................. 100 points (Core assessment)
Essay.......................................100 points (Core assessment)
Participation (discussion thread).......... 100 points (Core assessment)
A = 360 - 400; B= 320 - 359; C = 280 - 319; D = 240 - 279; F = < 240  

Park University policy on incomplete grades is as follows: “An incomplete grade (I) may be issued only upon completion of a “Contract for Incomplete” signed by the student and the instructor and placed on file in the Office of the Registrar or Campus Center. An Incomplete will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for the course. An “I” indicates that the coursework was not completed in the time allotted in the semester/term through no fault of the student as determined by the instructor. Final assessment of the grade is postponed to no later than 60 days after the last day of the semester/term in which the “I” was received. Failure on the part of the student to complete the work will result in an “F.” A student may submit a written request for one 30-day extension beyond the 60 days. After approval by the instructor, the request is filed in the Office of the Registrar or Campus Center. "

Late Submission of Course Materials:

All absences, regardless of reasons, are considered in applying the college’s attendance policy. However, absences may be classified as excused or unexcused for purposes of allowing make-up work. (Late points are still deducted but this does guarantee the late work will be accepted unless one of the reasons below exists).

With appropriate documentation, the following absences may be classified as excused for permitting make up work for missed deadlines:

Emergency medical treatment for self or immediate family may be considered as an excused absence with appropriate written documentation from the health care facility

Unavoidable jury duty may be considered an excused absence with appropriate written documentation

Employment related training or special assignments may be considered an excused absence with appropriate written documentation

Military reserve or active duty obligations may be considered excused with appropriate written documentation

Students must maintain a clear channel of communication with the instructor.

Classroom Rules of Conduct:

This course is offered online using the eCollege online classroom management platform, which allows you to participate at any time, and from any location. Because of this flexibility, it is important to plan your time carefully.

You are expected to sign in to the class (your "virtual classroom") and participate in discussions and other activities at least four times per week (or about every other day). You should expect to spend a minimum of 5 - 6 hours per class week online -- the same amount of time you'd spend in the physical classroom so please plan your daily/weekly activities accordingly. You will be sending and receiving Email, performing online research, participating in Web explorations and "tours," and interacting socially and professionally with your classmates.

Course Topic/Dates/Assignments:

Week 1
10/17 to 10/21
Chapter 1: Origins and Evolution of American Policing
Chapter 2: Policing in the American Context
Week 2
10/22 to 10/28
Chapter 3: Police and the Criminal Justice System
Chapter 4: Law Enforcement Agencies and Their Organization
Week 3
10/29 to 11/04
Chapter 5: Becoming a Cop
Chapter 6: Police Subculture
Week 4
11/5 to 11/11

Chapter 7: Career Concerns
Chapter 8: Patrol, Peacekeeping and Investigations
Mid-Term Examination this week

Week 5
11/12 to 11/18
Chapter 9: Intelligence, Information and Special Problems
Chapter 10: Community Policing and Community Involvement

Week 6
11/19 to 11/25
Chapter 11: Policing and the Law
Chapter 12: Civil Liability and Accountability

Week 7
11/26- 12/2
Chapter 13: Police Discretion and Behavior
Chapter 14: Deviance, Ethics and Professionalism
Essay (Research Paper) due by 11:59pm CST

Week 8
12/3 - 12/11
Chapter 15: The Use of Force
Chapter 16: The Future of Policing
Proctored Final Examination this week

Academic Honesty:
Academic integrity is the foundation of the academic community. Because each student has the primary responsibility for being academically honest, students are advised to read and understand all sections of this policy relating to standards of conduct and academic life. Park University students and faculty members are encouraged to take advantage of the University resources available for learning about academic honesty (www.park.edu/current or http://www.park.edu/faculty/).from Park University 2011-2012 Undergraduate Catalog Page 95-96

Plagiarism involves the use of quotations without quotation marks, the use of quotations without indication of the source, the use of another's idea without acknowledging the source, the submission of a paper, laboratory report, project, or class assignment (any portion of such) prepared by another person, or incorrect paraphrasing. from Park University 2011-2012 Undergraduate Catalog Page 95

Attendance Policy:
Instructors are required to maintain attendance records and to report absences via the online attendance reporting system.

  1. The instructor may excuse absences for valid reasons, but missed work must be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  2. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties.
  3. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a semester/term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of "F".
  4. A "Contract for Incomplete" will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course.
  5. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance or Veterans Administration educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the semester/term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student.
  6. Report of a "F" grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for those students who are receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned in item 5 above will be reported to the appropriate agency.
ONLINE NOTE: Students must participate in an academically related activity on a weekly basis in order to be marked present in an online class. Examples of academically-related activities include but are not limited to: contributing to an online discussion, completing a quiz or exam, completing an assignment, initiating contact with a faculty member to ask a course related question, or using any of the learning management system tools.

Park University 2011-2012 Undergraduate Catalog Page 98

Disability Guidelines:
Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University's policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities. In the case of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University's policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page: http://www.park.edu/disability .


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Last Updated:9/14/2012 6:13:34 PM