BI210 The Human Body

for S1T 2013

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Mission Statement: Park University provides access to a quality higher education experience that prepares a diverse community of learners to think critically, communicate effectively, demonstrate a global perspective and engage in lifelong learning and service to others.

Vision Statement: Park University, a pioneering institution of higher learning since 1875, will provide leadership in quality, innovative education for a diversity of learners who will excel in their professional and personal service to the global community.


BI 210 The Human Body


S1T 2013 DLA


Dr. Nancy Bowers


Adjunct Online Instructor


PhD Ecology The Pennsylvania State University
MS Zoology Virginia Polytechnic and State University
BS Zoology University of Massachusetts

Office Location

Richland, WA

Office Hours

7:00 am - 5:00 pm Monday through Fridays

Daytime Phone

(509) 554-7781 (Pacific Time Zone)

Other Phone

iChat/AIM ID: tchnoqn


Semester Dates

14 January to 10 March 2013

Class Days


Class Time




Credit Hours



Textbooks can be purchased through the MBS bookstore

Textbooks can be purchased through the Parkville Bookstore

Additional Resources:
Identification Project (Muscle and Bones): The following is just a sampling of the material that is on the web to help you learn the bones and muscle. Feel free to share ones that you find with your classmates.

PCC. No date. Virtual Anatomy Lab

Brazoria County Sheriff's Department. No date. Skeletal System

Valentine, CA. 2004. Chart of Human Bones: Front View

National Geographic. 2008. Explore the Human Body|929422345
Other Learning Resources

McAfee Memorial Library - Online information, links, electronic databases and the Online catalog. Contact the library for further assistance via email or at 800-270-4347.
Career Counseling - The Career Development Center (CDC) provides services for all stages of career development.  The mission of the CDC is to provide the career planning tools to ensure a lifetime of career success.
Park Helpdesk - If you have forgotten your OPEN ID or Password, or need assistance with your PirateMail account, please email or call 800-927-3024
Resources for Current Students - A great place to look for all kinds of information
Advising - Park University would like to assist you in achieving your educational goals. Please contact your Campus Center for advising or enrollment adjustment information.
Online Classroom Technical Support - For technical assistance with the Online classroom, email or call the helpdesk at 866-301-PARK (7275). To see the technical requirements for Online courses, please visit the website, and click on the "Technical Requirements" link, and click on "BROWSER Test" to see if your system is ready.
FAQ's for Online Students - You might find the answer to your questions here.

Course Description:
BI210 The Human Body: Structure and function of the principal systems of the human body. Topics include: muscular, nervous, skeletal, circulatory, digestive, endocrine, and urinogenital systems. 3:0:3

Educational Philosophy:

Learning Outcomes:
  Core Learning Outcomes

  1. Define and identify human anatomical terminology
  2. Recognize the body's basic chemical and cellular makeup
  3. Compare and contrast the basic body tissues and membranes
  4. Explain the structure, function, common disorders, and processes of the body systems

  Instructor Learning Outcomes
  1. Correctly summarize and cite information gathered from outside sources for use in addressing homework questions and writing reports.
Core Assessment:

·        Objective, short answer and essay exams (CA)

·        Quizzes

·     Written assignments

Link to Class Rubric

Class Assessment:

Class assessment will be in the form of mastery Quizzes, Homework, Discussions, Identification Project and a comprehensive Final Exam. Grading Rubrics/criteria for each listed item are included within assignments. Students are responsible for the following assessments:
  • Minimum of 4-6 Discussion responses each week (2 topics)
  • Weekly reading assignments and class activities
  • Weekly Homework assignments
  • Weekly vocabulary and concept questions (Mastery Quizzes)
  • Identification Project as assigned
  • Comprehensive proctored Final Examination during Week 8 (4 - 9 March)
Proctored Final Examination:
A proctored comprehensive final examination must be taken in a proctored testing environment during Week 8 (4 - 9 March) at one of the Park University sites around the country or at an alternative location. Because this exam is comprehensive, I urge you to schedule your Final for the latter part of Week 8 so that the material for that week may be covered. The Final Exam is closed book/closed note and will take two hours to complete.

It will be the responsibility of the student to arrange for a proctor no later than Week 6 of the term. Non-Park proctors must be APPROVED by your instructor. Guidelines for selecting an acceptable proctor can be found on the Park University Proctor Website. A Proctor Request Form will be made available to you during the second week of class so that you can send your requested proctor to your instructor for approval. Failure to take a final proctored exam (or submit your final project for some online graduate courses) will result in an automatic "F" grade. Proctored examinations require photo identification at the time of the test.


Grades will be determined based on the following items:
  185 pts  Final Exam (Core Assessment)
  160 pts  Discussion threads
  120 pts  Mastery quizzes 
  135 pts  Homework
  600 pts  TOTAL

Grades will be awarded in this course based upon the following scale:

A = 90% and above
B = 80-89%  
C = 70-79% 
D = 60-69%
F = Below 60%

Late Submission of Course Materials:
Late work will not be accepted unless under extreme circumstances (at the instructors discretion). If you know you are going to miss a deadline, please contact me PRIOR to the deadline so that we can make alternative arrangements. Late assignments that are graded will be assessed a penalty commensurate with the degree of lateness.

Classroom Rules of Conduct:

FORMAT: A class week is defined as the period of time between Monday and Sunday. The class begins the first day of the term (14 January 2013) and ends midnight the last Sunday of the term (10 March 2013). Material for each week will be released on the Friday prior to the start of the week. You can access each week's materials by clicking on the various links (e.g., Lectures, Discussion, Homework, Quiz). Unless otherwise indicated, assignments scheduled for completion during a class week should be completed by Sunday at midnight Central Time of the week assigned.

TIME COMMITMENT: Please remember this is an accelerated format class, so each week represents TWO weeks in a regular on-campus class. Students are expected to devote a minimum of SIX hours per class week logged on to the classroom in online activities. Other activities such as completing assignments, sending/receiving email and conducting research over the web will require additional hours!

PLAGIARISM, PARAPHRASING and CITING REFERENCES: You are expected to research weekly topics and include what you find in your Discussion postings and Homework. You must provide citations for any and ALL of your sources; including your text book! Copying and pasting of information you find on the Internet (or other resource) without the use of quotation marks and proper citations is plagiarism and will not be tolerated. Please be sure to download the Citation Format file in the Doc Sharing area of the course that addresses how you should cite your references; your grade on your Discussion postings and Homework and will reflect your ability to do this correctly.

So what exactly do you have to document with a citation?

  1. Paraphrased material: The preferred use of someone else's information is for you to paraphrase the information into your own words; that demonstrates to me that you understand what you have written. For ALL work in this class, you are expected to use outside sources to formulate your answers, so you will always need to provide citations for sources used!
  2. Direct quotations: If you use the author's exact words, enclose them in quotation marks and include a complete citation at the end of your answer.

In most cases, use your own words to paraphrase or summarize the idea you want to discuss, emphasizing the points relevant to your argument. NOTE: 15% or LESS of your responses may be directly quoted material. You must use your own words whenever possible!

What information does NOT have to be documented with a citation?

  1. Common Knowledge: This is hard to evaluate, so if you are unsure, then provide a citation! In general, common knowledge is information the majority of people would know (e.g., the capitol of Massachusetts is Boston). MOST of the information you will be using in this class is NOT common knowledge!
  2. Definitions, fill-in the blank answers and multiple choice question answers do not need citations.
If you are unsure about what constitutes plagiarism and how to prevent it, take some time to review this Plagiarism Tutorial. Additional resources are available in the course Webliography. I will be running all of your Discussion responses and assignment answers through this Plagiarism Checker. I suggest that you do the same BEFORE turning in any of your work!

Penalties for Plagiarism
  1. First offense: You will receive a written Plagiarism Warning from your instructor and a zero for that particular portion of the assignment.
  2. Second offense: You will receive a zero for the entire assignment and a written Plagiarism Warning.
  3. Third offense: You will receive a written Plagiarism Warning and I will submit an Academic Dishonesty Incident Report to your Online Academic Director.
A Plagiarism Warning will be issued for the following reasons:
  1. If you use direct quotes (e.g., copy directly) from your source without the use of quotation marks to identify the passage as a quote. NOTE: Simply providing a citation for your source is NOT sufficient; you MUST also use quotation marks.
  2. If you poorly paraphrase material from your source.
  3. If you do not properly cite all of your sources (including your textbook).

DISCUSSION ACTIVITIES: Students will participate in weekly Discussions through multiple responses. Spelling and grammar are very important and contribute to your grade. There are two Discussion topics in each week, so be sure to participate in BOTH. An initial post in each one should be made by WEDNESDAY with at least one follow-up response to another student (in BOTH topics) by Sunday. The interaction that you have in this class is by exchanging these posts and is a very important learning tool. Be sure to read the Discussion Grading Rubric (found on the Discussion pages) so that you understand what is expected of your posts. 

  • Initial responses must address the questions fully. You are expected to use outside sources (e.g., textbook, lectures) to formulate your response and provide citations for sources used (see the Reference Formats file in the Doc Sharing area).  
  • Follow-up responses must be substantive and provide additional information or insight. You are expected to use outside sources to formulate these responses as well.
  • You must answer any question I pose to you and this response does not count towards your required follow-up posts.
  • ALL sources used (including your textbook) MUST be properly cited.
Our Discussions are a little different than what you may be familiar with. You will need to research questions whose answers are not really "debatable". So follow-up responses should either elaborate on what someone has said (e.g., find additional information) or bring in new but related information. Tips for success in the Discussions:
  1. Complete your textbook readings and lecture before posting any responses.
  2. Conduct additional research if necessary and cite all of your sources (including your textbook).
  3. Read over any postings by both your instructor and your fellow students BEFORE you post your response.
  4. Answer any questions posed to you by your instructor (these do not count as follow-up responses).
  5. Use the "What's New" feature at the bottom of the course homepage to determine when new postings have been made.
HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTS: You are expected to use outside sources (e.g., textbook, lectures) to formulate your responses to ALL Homework questions. Homework assignments must be submitted via the appropriate Dropbox. Use the dropdown menu to select the dropbox (e.g., Week 1 Homework). Assignments MUST be uploaded as a SINGLE file attachment (no multiple files will be accepted) to the drop box as either a Word, WordPerfect or Rich Text Format document. No other file formats will be accepted for credit. Please do not type your answers directly into the Dropbox comment area.

Time permitting; I may "pre-grade" your work if submitted by Friday of each week. So if you are able to submit your Homework early, check back and see if I have left you any comments in the dropbox. Do NOT count on this happening though! Late work (e.g., submitted after the Sunday deadline) will not be accepted unless under extreme circumstances. You must contact the instructor PRIOR to the deadline in order to make arrangements for late submission (if approved). I do not accept assignments emailed to me.

MASTERY QUIZZES:  Each week you will need to complete a Mastery quiz that covers your readings. You can take this quiz as many times as necessary, but in order to receive credit (15 pts) for the quiz, you must attain an 80% or better. Your FIRST attempt should be completed no later than Saturday of each week, but you will have until the end of the day on SUNDAY to resubmit if necessary. The quizzes are graded automatically, BUT please note there are a number of fill-in the blank and short answer questions that I will need to hand grade. Often your answer may be correct but the computer may not recognize it (e.g., misspelling, slightly different phrasing). Therefore, this is the procedure I recommend for completing the Mastery quizzes:

  1. After you have completed the readings and read the lectures, complete the quiz. Disregard the grade that comes back since the actual grade may be higher.
  2. Wait 12-24 hrs to allow me to hand grade your quiz and then check the GRADEBOOK. If you have not met the 80% cut-off, I will enter a zero. I will enter 15 pts if you have reached 80%.
  3. Note that I will often leave you feedback for some of the short answer questions; this feedback is designed to assist you in meeting the required 80%, so take advantage of it! To access the feedback, click on the grade (or asterisk) in the Gradebook for a given quiz.
  4. Retake the quiz as necessary. You only have until Sunday at midnight to reach the required 80%.
  5. NO CREDIT is given if you do not make the 80% cut-off. You have all week to attain this grade so you should be able meet this cut-off by Sundays.
After everyone has completed a particular week's Mastery quiz, I will release the correct answers so that you can go back and use these quizzes to study for the final exam.

GRADES AND FEEDBACK: You should note that merely turning in an assignment or just meeting the minimum requirements doesn't earn an A grade. Those grades are earned by submitting outstanding or exceptional quality of work. You are responsible for checking the Gradebook weekly to be sure that I have entered all of your grades. I will try to have your assignments graded no later than the following Monday or Tuesday (at the latest) of each week. Associated with each grade will be Feedback on your performance (e.g., discussions, homework, quizzes, project work). It is critical that you READ this information, since it is designed to help you improve or to recognize what constitutes acceptable work. To read individual feedback on each assignment, click on the grade for that assignment. This should bring up my comments for you to read. I may attach files as well which you should download and read.

NOTE: I strongly suggest that you check the Gradebook each Monday in case there are any problems with your submissions!

EXTRA CREDIT: There is NO extra credit available in this course! If you want to attain an A in this class, then you will need to complete all the assignments at the A level.

ATTENDANCE: Attendance in this online course is determined by your keeping up to date with classroom assignments and responses. You are required to participate in the weekly discussion topics. Failure to "show up" for the weekly work will count as an absence for that week. Computers do crash, but this is not a legitimate excuse to miss class. It is your responsibility to notify me by phone and/or find another means to submit your work. Weekly attendance is recorded automatically as per Park's attendance policy.

Examples that will trigger 'present' include but is not limited to:

  • Posting to a threaded discussion 
  • Dropbox submission 
  • Access an exam or quiz 
  • Access a lecture (or other course presentation pages) 
  • Sending an email (from the course Email menu) 
Examples that will not count as 'present' include but is not limited to:
  • Accessing Discussions w/o Posting 
  • Landing on the Home Page only
  • Any interaction in the course via the mobile website: (
CHECK YOUR PARK EMAIL:  I will be communicating with you regularly via your Park email account. It is required that you use Park email for your online class, so check your Park email daily! Students should use email for private messages to the instructor and other students.

PARK UNIVERSITY'S ONLINE COURSE POLICIES: In addition to the specific course policies above, students are responsible for reading and adhering to Park's Online Course Policies. If you have questions about any of these policies, please contact your instructor for clarification.

Course Topic/Dates/Assignments:

Week 1  
Ch. 1 - The Human Body
Ch. 2 - The Chemistry of Life
Week 2 
Ch. 3 - Cell Structure
Ch. 5 - Tissues

Week 3

Ch. 6 - The Integumentary System

Week 4
Ch. 7 - The Skeletal System
Ch. 8 - The Articular System
Week 5
Ch. 10 -
The Nervous System: Introduction, Spinal Cord, and Spinal Nerves
Ch. 11 - The Nervous System: The Brain, Cranial Nerves and Autonomic Nervous System (pp 246-255)
Week 6 
Ch. 11 -
The Nervous System: Special Senses (pp 255 - 270)
Ch. 12 - The Endocrine System
(22 February)

Week 7 
Ch. 13 - The Blood
Ch. 14 - The Cardiovascular System
Ch. 15 - The Lymphatic System

Week 8 
Ch. 16 -
Nutrition and the Digestive System
Ch. 17 - The Respiratory System
Ch. 18 - The Urinary System
PROCTORED FINAL EXAM (Must be taken during Week 8)

Academic Honesty:
Academic integrity is the foundation of the academic community. Because each student has the primary responsibility for being academically honest, students are advised to read and understand all sections of this policy relating to standards of conduct and academic life. Park University students and faculty members are encouraged to take advantage of the University resources available for learning about academic honesty ( or Park University 2011-2012 Undergraduate Catalog Page 95-96

Plagiarism involves the use of quotations without quotation marks, the use of quotations without indication of the source, the use of another's idea without acknowledging the source, the submission of a paper, laboratory report, project, or class assignment (any portion of such) prepared by another person, or incorrect paraphrasing. from Park University 2011-2012 Undergraduate Catalog Page 95

Attendance Policy:
Instructors are required to maintain attendance records and to report absences via the online attendance reporting system.

  1. The instructor may excuse absences for valid reasons, but missed work must be made up within the semester/term of enrollment.
  2. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the semester/term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties.
  3. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a semester/term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of "F".
  4. A "Contract for Incomplete" will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course.
  5. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance or Veterans Administration educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the semester/term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student.
  6. Report of a "F" grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for those students who are receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned in item 5 above will be reported to the appropriate agency.
ONLINE NOTE: Students must participate in an academically related activity on a weekly basis in order to be marked present in an online class. Examples of academically-related activities include but are not limited to: contributing to an online discussion, completing a quiz or exam, completing an assignment, initiating contact with a faculty member to ask a course related question, or using any of the learning management system tools.

Park University 2011-2012 Undergraduate Catalog Page 98

Disability Guidelines:
Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University's policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities. In the case of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University's policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page: .

Additional Information:



CompetencyExceeds Expectation (3)Meets Expectation (2)Does Not Meet Expectation (1)No Evidence (0)
CLO 1=Define and identify human anatomical terminology                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
Correctly identifies more than 80% of the human structures indicated. Correctly identifies at least 51-80% of the human structures indicated. Does not correctly identify at least 50% of the human structures indicated.  
CLO 3=Compare and contrast the basic body tissues and membranes and CLO 4=Explain the structure, function, common disorders, and processes of the body systems                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
Clearly integrates the relationships of the levels of biological organization in the human body

Basic interrelationship of organ systems is understood, however the integration of tissues to the organ systems is lacking Is not able to integrate the levels of biological organization in the human body.  
CLO 2=Recognize the body's basic chemical and cellular makeup                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        
Given the characteristics of a specific compound, determine whether it can cross the cell membrane. Can describe the permeability factors of the cell membrane

Unable to express the importance of the cell membrane  
CLO 4=Explain the structure, function, common disorders, and processes of the body systems                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
Clearly combines and explains the purpose, structure, function, and processes of the 11 body systems. Combines and explains the purpose, structure, function, and processes of 5-10 of the body systems. Explains the purpose, structure, function, and processes of less than 5 of body systems.  
Entire Artifact                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
CLO 1-4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Attains at least 80% on the exam Achieves 60-79% on the exam. Achieves less than 60% on the exam.  


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Last Updated:12/13/2012 4:14:39 PM