PS206 Intro to Guidance and Counseling

for S1FF 2005

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Park University
Fairchild Air Force Base
Introduction to Guidance and Counseling
Instructor: Susan Lehinger, Ph.D.

Course: Introduction to Guidance and Counseling

Course Number: PS 206
Credit Hours: 3

Course dates and times: Sping 1, Jan. 3, 2005 to February 27, 2005
Class Session Days: Arranged
Class Session Times: Arranged

Name of Faculty Member: Susan Lehinger, Ph.D.
Title of Faculty Member: Adjunct Faculty, Psychologist
Phone number: (509) 467-8011
Fax: (509) 467-1061
All other calls should be addressed to the Director, Tammy Roberson, at 244-2020

Prerequisites: Suggested prerequisite: PS 101 or equivalent or instructor permission.

The mission of Park University, an entrepreneurial institution of learning, is to provide access to academic excellence, which will prepare learners to think critically, communicate effectively and engage in lifelong learning while serving a global community.

Park University will be a renowned international leader in providing innovative educational opportunities for learners within the global society.

Course Description: A survey of the guidance process, communication, functions of counseling, and various counseling theories. This course is designed to introduce students to the whole guidance process. Emphasis will be placed on an integrated approach to basic helping skills utilizing theory, practice, and case application. This course will provide students with the foundation to develop skills they need to establish effective helping relations.

Faculty’s Educational Philosophy:
The instructor’s educational philosophy consists of interaction with students, lecture, readings, role-plays, dialogues, examinations and writings. Students are expected to have and share opinions and ideas. Participation in the class is essential and will be a part of the grade.

Course and Learning Objectives:
On completion of this course, students will be expected to know the difference between numerous theories of counseling and be able to describe them. Through role-plays and demonstrations, students will be able to introduce a client to a counseling session and know the basic rules of the counseling environment. Students will be able to analyze a crisis situation and describe what to do in that event. Students will have a good general idea of the skills basic to the helping professions and be able to describe them. Students will have gained a knowledge of limitations of counseling and will be able to state when a referral is necessary.

Course Textbook:
Title: Effective Helping, Interviewing and Counseling Techniques
Author: Barbara Okun
Publisher: Brooks/Cole, Pacific Grove, CA. 2002
ISBN: 0-534-51384-0

ACADEMIC HONESTY: “Academic Honesty is required of all members of a learning community. Hence, Park will not tolerate cheating or plagiarism on tests, examinations, papers or other course assignments. Students who engage in such dishonesty may be given failing grades or expelled from Park.”

PLAGIARISM: Plagiarism—the appropriation or imitation of the language or ideas of another person and presenting them as one’s original work—sometimes occurs through carelessness or ignorance. Students who are uncertain about proper documentation of sources should consult their instructors.”

ATTENDANCE POLICY: Instructors are required to keep attendance records and report absences. The instructor may excuse absences for cogent reasons, but missed work must be made up within the term of enrollment. Work missed through unexcused absences must also be made up within the term of enrollment, but unexcused absences may carry further penalties. In the event of two consecutive weeks of unexcused absences in a term of enrollment, the student will be administratively withdrawn, resulting in a grade of “F”. An Incomplete will not be issued to a student who has unexcused or excessive absences recorded for a course. Students receiving Military Tuition Assistance (TA) or Veterans Administration (VA) educational benefits must not exceed three unexcused absences in the term of enrollment. Excessive absences will be reported to the appropriate agency and may result in a monetary penalty to the student. Reports of F grade (attendance or academic) resulting from excessive absence for students receiving financial assistance from agencies not mentioned above will be reported to the appropriate agency.

Late submission of materials:
Late submission of assignments will only be accepted if prior arrangements are made with the instructor.

Course Assessment (Grading Plan):

Grades will be based on the following criteria:
Attendance 100 points 10%
Participation 100 points 20%
Mid-Term Exam 100 points 30%
Final Exam 200 points 40%
Total 500 points 100%


450 – 500 points A
400 – 450 points B
350 – 400points C
300 – 350 points D
Below 300 points F
Incomplete work I

Assignment rules: Computers make writing and revising much easier and more productive. Students must recognize though that technology can also cause problems. Printers run out of ink and hard drives crash. Students must be responsible for planning ahead and meeting deadlines in spite of technology. Be sure to save copies of your work to disk, hard drive, and print out paper copies for backup purposes.

DISABILITY GUIDELINES: Park University is committed to meeting the needs of all students that meet the criteria for special assistance. These guidelines are designed to supply directions to students concerning the information necessary to accomplish this goal. It is Park University’s policy to comply fully with federal and state law, including Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the American with Disabilities Act of 1990, regarding students with disabilities and, to the extent of any inconsistency between these guidelines and federal and/or state law, the provisions of the law will apply. Additional information concerning Park University’s policies and procedures related to disability can be found on the Park University web page:


Week 1 Day, Date THEME: Introduction and The Helping Relationship
Week 1 Topics:
What is Guidance and Counseling?
What are Helping Relationships?

Assignments for Week 2:
Read Chapters 3 and 4.

Week 2 Day, Date THEME: Communication Skills and Building Relationships
Week 2 Topics:
What is involved in effective communication?
How are relationships built and goals set?

Assignments for Week 3:
Read Chapters 5 and 6

Week 3 Day, Date THEME: Helping Theory and Theoretical Perspectives
Week 3 Topics:
What are some important theories of the helping relationship?

Assignments for Week 4:
Read Chapters 7 and 8

Week 4 Day, Date THEME: Strategies and Applying Strategies Week 4 Topics:
What are the strategies of the helping relationship?
How are they applied?

Assignments for Week 5:
Read Chapter 9
Mid Term Examination

Week 5 Day, Date THEME: Crisis Theory and Intervention Week 5 Topics:
What constitutes a crisis?
What are the rules for crisis intervention?
What crises can you handle?
What are the best techniques for crisis intervention?

Assignments for Week 6:
No reading assignment. Crisis intervention continues.

Week 6 Day, Date THEME: Crisis Theory and Intervention
Week 6 Topics:
What constitutes a crisis?
What are the rules for crisis intervention?
What crises can you handle?
What are the best techniques for crisis intervention?

Assignments for Week 7
Read Chapter 10
Continue to examine crisis intervention.

Final Examination will be distributed.

Week 7 Day, Date THEME: Issues Affecting Helping
Week 7 Topics:
Of what importance are personal values and ethics?

Assignments for Week 8:
Research for presentations

Week 8 Day, Date THEME: Student Values Presentations
Week 8 Topics:
As presented by students

Final Examination Due.

This course will address the following literacy areas:
Civic Literacy – by relating the social, cultural and personal orientation of potential clients to possible problems they may have;
Science Literacy – by identifying how the practice of psychology relates to scientific knowledge;
Values Literacy – by teaching the relationship of values and ethics to the practice of counseling and to the successful understanding of clients’ problems;
Esthetic Literacy – by teaching students to consider the esthetic values and orientation of clients as keys to understanding their problems;
Critical Literacy – by teaching skills to use in addressing problems of clients and by encouraging students to develop their basic skills in communication and understanding of client communication.